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2016, vol. 33, br. 3, str. 217-225
Fenomenografija - metoda koja je izostavljena u medicinskim istraživanjima
aSchool of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
bEvidence-Based Research Centre, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

e-adresaHeidaryA@mums.ac.ir
Ključne reči: fenomenografija; fenomenologija; kvalitativna metoda
Sažetak
Istraživanje predstavlja pokušaj ljudi da odgovore na određena pitanja i otkriju ono što im je nepoznato. Metodologija istraživanja je određena stavom istraživača prema univerzumu kao i pitanjem na koje želi da odgovor. Neka od suštinskih pitanja koja se tiču istraživačkog procesa su: 'Koja je priroda realnosti?', Kakva je priroda odnosa između istraživača i predmeta interesovanja?' i 'Kako se može razumeti predmet istraživanja i koje metode bi trebalo primeniti?' Istraživački pristupi se mogu podeliti na kvantitativne i kvalitativne. U prvom slučaju, merenje, predikcija i kontrola čine osnovu ovog pristupa, dok je u drugom slučaju ispitivanje, opisivanje i objašnjenje fenomena od suštinskog značaja. Među kvalitativnim istraživačkim metodama, fenomenografija se pojavljuje kao novija metoda. Međutim, uprkos tome što se pokazala kao vrlo korisna u različitim disciplinama, još uvek nije dobila na popularnosti i mnogi istraživači je mešaju sa fenomenologijom. Fokus fenomenografije je na onome što se posmatra kao druga perspektiva i na drugačijem doživljaju ljudi istog fenomena, dok fenomenologija prvenstveno naglašava osnovno, neposredno iskustvo i slične sadržaje koji proističu iz različitih iskustava. Cilj ovog rada bio je da pruži bolje razumevanje fenomenografije kroz objašnjenja i poređenja sa fenomenologijom kako bi se olakšala njena adekvatna i pravovremena primena u medicinskim istraživanjima.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.1515/afmnai-2016-0023
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.10.2016.

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