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Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
2019, br. 54, str. 41-51
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 10/02/2020
doi: 10.5937/gads54-20279
Creative Commons License 4.0
Ispitivanje razlika u boji zuba u odnosu na starost i pol
Univerzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet, Stomatološka klinika

Projekat

Preventivni, terapijski i etički pristup prekliničkim i kliničkim istraživanjima gena i modulatora redoks ćelijske signalizacije u imunskom, inflamatornom i proliferativnom odgovoru ćelije (MPNTR - 41018)

Sažetak

U toku fiziološkog procesa starenja dolazi do promena na svim tkivima i organima ljudskog organizma. Promena boje zuba sa starošću nastaje kao posledica redukcije pulpne komore i stvaranja sekudarnog dentina koji postaje deblji i manje transparentan. Cilj istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi stepen promene boje zuba sa starošću pacijenata i u odnosu na pol. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćeno 166 pacijenata (83 muškaraca i 83 žene) starosti od 18 do 77 godina. Svi pacijenti bili su podeljeni u četiri starosne grupe. Studija je sprovedena na zdravim gornjim centalnim sekutićima. Određivanje boje zuba izvršeno je vizuelnom metodom korišćenjem ključa za boju Philips zoom shade guide u srednjoj trećini krunice zuba. Rezultati su pokazali da je u starosnoj grupi od 18-30 godina dominirala svetla boja zuba sa 21,7%, u grupi od 31-45 godina srednja nijansa sa 12,9% i u starosnim grupama od 46-60 i starijih od 61 godine ustanovljena je tamna boja zuba sa 9,1% odnosno 21%. Najčešća svetla boja zuba bila je A2, najzastupljenija među srednjim nijansama je bila A3, dok je najčešća tamna boja zuba bila A3,5. Žene su imale znatno svetliju boju zuba u poređenju sa muškarcima. Istraživanje je pokazalo da su pacijenti mlađeg uzrasta imali svetlije zube i da boja zuba sa godinama starosti postaje tamnija.

Ključne reči

boja zuba; starenje; pol; gornji centralni sekutić

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