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Psihologija
2019, vol. 52, br. 4, str. 323-345
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 14/12/2019
doi: 10.2298/PSI181023006Z
Creative Commons License 4.0
Suviše dobro da bi bilo istinito? Doprinos razumevanju zone narednog razvoja iz pijažeovske perspektive - polni sastav i kako se njegova uloga menja od ranog do srednjeg detinjstva
University of Cyprus, Department of Psychology, Cyprus

e-adresa: anna.zapiti@gmail.com

Sažetak

Ova studija se vraća istraživanju kompleksnosti zone narednog razvoja kroz eksperimentalno ispitivanje uloge dinamike društvenog identiteta u asimetričnoj interakciji dve uzrasne grupe (dece, prim. prev.) oko pijažeovskog tipa kognitivnog zadatka. Deca iz dve uzrasne grupe (grupe od 6 i grupe od 10 godina) rešavala su zadatak prostornog transformisanja, prvo individualno (pretest), a onda u parovima istog ili različitog pola sa partnerom čije je poznavanje zadatka bolje od njihovog. U posttestu, šestogodišnjaci koji su učestvovali u interakciji su imali bolje rezultate od šestogodišnjaka iz kontrolne grupe koji nisu učestvovali u interakciji. Međutim, nije bilo razlike u uspehu na posttestu između desetogodišnjaka koji su učestvovali u interakciji i onih koji nisu. Štaviše, efekat polnog sastava (para dece koji je radio zajedno, to da li su deca unutar para istog ili različitog pola, prim. prev.) na dinamiku interakcije je bio različit u dve uzrasne grupe. Dinamika društvenog polnog identiteta formirana u interakciji šestogodišnjaka bila je u vezi sa kognitivnim napredovanjem, ali je kod desetogodišnjaka društvena konstrukcija znanja bila podjednako uspešna u podsticanju kognitivnog razvoja koliko i asimetrična socijalna interakcija, a dinamika polnih identiteta nije imala isti formativni uticaj.

Ključne reči

zona narednog razvoja; Vigotski; Pijaže; interakcija sa vršnjacima; kognitivni razvoj; pol; društevni identitet

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