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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2019, vol. 76, br. 1, str. 13-18
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/VSP170222047J

Creative Commons License 4.0
Povezanost strategija za prevazilaženje stresa i samohendikepirajućih strategija sa procesom promena ponašanja opijatskih zavisnika
aClinical Centre Kragujevac, Psychiatric Clinic, Kragujevac
bClinical Center of Vojvodina, Clinic of Psychiatry, Novi Sad + University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad
cInstitute for the Health Protection of Students, Novi Sad
dUniversity Clinical Center of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

e-adresa: drminjaj@yahoo.com

Projekat

Analiza strukture troškova i uticaja na zdravstveni budžet Republike Srbije epidemiološki najmasovnijih i/ili najskupljih oboljenja i procena odnosa troškovi / efektivnost / korisnost medicinskih intervencija (MPNTR - 175014)

Sažetak

Uvod/Cilj. U tretmanu adiktivnog ponašanja koriste se strategije za prevazilaženje stresa - stress coping (SC), mada zavisnici često nastave sa samohendikepirajućim - self-hendikeping (SH) obrascem ponašanja, koji je u suprotnosti sa promenama problematičnog ponašanja. Cilj ove studije bio je da se ispitaju SC i SH strategije u odnosu na proces promene adiktivnog ponašanja. Metode. U deskriptivnoj kliničkoj studiji ispitan je uzorak od 200 konsekutivno regrutovanih bolesnika koji se nalaze na bolničkom tretmanu zbog opijatske zavisnosti. Za prikupljanje podataka primenjeni su: Opšti informativni upitnik, CSI-indikator coping strategija, SH-upitnik za procenu self-handicapping ponašanja i University Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) - upitnik za procenu procesa promena. Primenjen je Studentov t-test, koeficijent Pearsonove korelacije i multipla regresiona analiza. Korišćen je SPSS za Windows; vrednost p ≤ 0.05 je definisana kao statistički značajna. Rezultati. Zavisnici su najviše koristili strategiju izbegavanja, a manje socijalnu podršku i fokusiranje na problem. Od CS značajna povezanost je bila utvrđena samo između ponašanja izbegavanja i svih SH strategija (p ≤ 0.02). Sa procesom promene ponašanja jedino je socijalna podrška bila pozitivno povezana (p = 0.03; β = 0.35), dok su sa procesom promene obrnuto proporcionalno bili povezani fokusiranje na problem (p = 0.00, β = -0.44) i strategija internalizovanog hendikepa u sagledavanju sutuacije - IHI (p = 0.02; β = -0.54). Zaključak. Značajan pozitivan prediktor u procesu promena lečenih opijatskih zavisnika bila je strategija mobilizacije socijalne podrške, dok su negativni prediktori bili fokusiranje na problem i strategija internalizovanog hendikepa u sagledavanju situacije. Procena motivacije i prevazilaženje stresa bile bi veoma korisna u kreiranju poboljšanog tretmana zavisnika.

Ključne reči

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