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Zbornik radova Učiteljskog fakulteta Prizren-Leposavić
2018, br. 12, str. 173-187
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
doi:10.5937/zrufpl1812173M


Kognitivno bihejvioralna terapija u radu sa decom
Univerzitet u Prištini (Kosovska Mitrovica), Učiteljski fakultet, Leposavić

e-adresa: najaa91@gmail.com

Sažetak

Osnovni cilj ovog rada je da se predstavi kognitivno bihejvioralna terapija kao jedna od terapija izbora za rad sa decom koja ispoljavaju smetnje u razvojnoj, socijalnoj i emocionalnoj sferi, kao i sa decom koja žele da poboljšaju kvalitet života, bez naznačene simptomatologije. Iako se ponekad smatra kako su detinjstvo i adolescencija razdoblje bezbrižnog uživanja, čak 20% dece i adolescenata ima jedan ili više psihičkih poremećaja koji se mogu dijagnostifikovati.U prvom delu rada će biti predstavljen koncept kognitivno bihejvioralne terapije, njen nastanak i razvojni put kako bi se čitaoci upoznali sa principima i načinom rada na kome ona počiva. U nastavku će biti izložena područja primene kognitivno bihejvioralne terapije u radu sa decom, poremećaji kod kojih je KBT u radu sa decom dala najbolje rezultate kao i opis procesa same terapije sa stavljanjem fokusa na najbitnije korake i probleme koji se mogu javiti tokom rada. U radu će se osvetliti i to koji je najpovoljniji uzrast na kome bi deca mogla da učestvuju jednoj terapiji kakva je kognitivno bihejvioralna terapija. Takođe, osvrnućemo se i na neke od tehnika u kognitivno bihejvioralnoj terapiji koje se najčešće primenjuju u radu sa decom, ali i na kontraindikovane poremećaje i stanja za terapijski rad. S obzirom na to da je u radu reč o terapijskom procesu sa decom, biće izneti podaci o tome da li je i koliko bitno, i na koji način, učestvovanje roditelja ili osoba koje se brinu o detetu u sam terapijski proces. Pored osvrta na značaj roditelja ili staratelja za sam terapijski proces, biće reči i o samoj prirodi odnosa terapeut - dete i važnosti dobrog odnosa za ishod terapije. Kognitivno bihejvioralna terapija je relativno mlad terapijski modalitet koji još uvek doživljava svoju ekspanziju, pa ćemo se na samom kraju osvrnuti na aktuelne oblasti kao i buduće direkcije ove terapije u radu sa decom.

Ključne reči

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