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Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade)
2020, vol. 65, br. 2, str. 99-120
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 07/07/2020
doi: 10.2298/JAS2002099S
Creative Commons License 4.0
Ocena prinosa i osobina biljke povezanih sa prinosom u pogledu tolerancije na prevlaživanje zemljišta kod genotipova mungo pasulja korišćenjem multivarijantnih tehnika
aBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Gazipur, Bangladesh
bBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Gazipur, Bangladesh
cBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Crop Botany, Gazipur, Bangladesh

e-adresa: rafiarib@yahoo.com

Projekat

The authors wish to thank the Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS), Ministry of Education, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh for providing the fund under the Higher Educational Research Program.

Sažetak

Prevlaživanje zemljišta je najčešća i najveća smetnja za proizvodnju mungo pasulja u tropskim i suptropskim regionima sveta i može uzrokovati značajan gubitak prinosa. Studijom je ocenjeno 100 genotipova mungo pasulja u pogledu tolerancije na prevlaživanje zemljišta preciznim i detaljnim ispitivanjima u polju. Mlade tronedeljne biljke bile su izložene prevlaživanju zemljišta tokom 3 dana održavanjem dubine vode na 2,5 cm. Tolerancija na prevlaživanje zemljišta ocenjivana je tokom perioda oporavka i nakon žetve imajući u vidu relativne vrednosti (odnos vrednosti sa prevlaženog zemljišta i iz kontrole bez prevlaživanja) 18 osobina biljaka. Svi genotipovi su pokazali širok raspon varijacija relativnih vrednosti. Neki genotipovi sa prevlaženog zemljišta razvili su mnoštvo adventivnih korenova, što je doprinelo razvoju lišća i rastu sadržaja hlorofila, a rezultiralo bujnijim rastom i konačno, povećanjem prinosa mungo pasulja. U analizi grupisanja korišćeno je 9 osobina biljaka na koje je prevlaživanje imalo visok uticaj. Genotipovi unutar klastera 6 i 7 bolje su se pokazali, uzimajući u obzir skoro sve osobine biljaka, dok su oni iz klastera 4 bili lošiji. Pomoću diskriminante analize, sa funkcijom 1 i funkcijom 2 objašnjava se 54,5 odnosno 32,2% varijanse, što je ukupno 86,7% promenljivosti genotipova. Žetveni indeks i prinos suve materije zrelog stabla objašnjavaju najveći deo ukupne varijacije funkcije 1. Prinos suve materije korena, izdanaka i stabla u žetvi objašnjava najveći deo ukupne varijacija funkcije 2. Suva materija korena igrala je najdominantniju ulogu u objašnjenju maksimalne varijacije genotipova. Genotipovi IPSA-10 i VC 6379 (23-11) pokazali su veći stepen tolerancije na prevlaživanje zemljišta u pogledu prinosa i morfo-fizioloških osobina, koje su povezane sa prinosom.

Ključne reči

genetska varijabilnost; tolerancija na prevlaživanje; rast; prinos; multivarijantna analiza

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