Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:7
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:3
članak: 9 od 411  
Back povratak na rezultate
Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade)
2019, vol. 64, br. 3, str. 225-238
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/JAS1903225S

Creative Commons License 4.0
Uticaj folijarne primene mikroelemenata na morfologiju, prinos i koncentraciju gvožđa i cinka u zrnu genotipova tvrde pšenice
aUniversity of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
bAgricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Ardabil Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Ardabil, Iran

e-adresa: shiri.m@uma.ac.ir

Sažetak

Tvrda pšenica se prilagođava toplim i sušnim uslovima bolje nego hlebna pšenica. Prema tome, služi za ishranu miliona ljudi na Srednjem istoku i u severnoj Africi. U ovakvim uslovima, nedostatak hraniva, uključujući mikroelemente, od velikog je interesa iz mnogih razloga, uključujući karbonatna zemljišta u uslovima stresa izazvanog sušom. Stoga su ispitivani rast, prinos, koncentracija gvožđa (Fe) i cinka (Zn) u zrnima sorti tvrde pšenice. Faktorijalni ekperiment zasnovan na potpuno slučajnom blok sistemu sa tri ponavljanja sproveden je na Institutu za poljoprivredna istraživanja u uslovima suvog ratarenja (engl. Dryland Agricultural Research Institute - DARI) u Moghanu. Prvi faktor je uključivao četiri tretmana, i to kontrolu i folijarne tretmane gvožđem, cinkom, i kombinaciju Fe+Zn, a drugi faktor je podrazumevao četiri genotipa: Dehdasht (G1), Seymareh (G2), i dva nova genotipa (G3 i G4). Rastvori đubriva sa gvožđem i cinkom primenjivani su u fazama bokorenja, ranog klasanja i mlečne zrelosti, u odnosu 2 g odnosno 1,5 g đubriva/1000 ml rastvora (w/v). Rezultati su pokazali da su genotipovi G1, G3 i G4 dali viši prinos zrna po metru kvadratnom nego genotip G2. Ovo povećanje je posledica veće mase 1000 zrna kod genotipova G3 i G4 i veće mase 1000 zrna sa većim brojem zrna kod genotipa G1. Genotipovi G1 i G2 su imali veću dužinu klasa, broj zrna po klasu i klasiću nego genotipovi G3 i G4. Kod svih ispitivanih osobina, osim koncentracije gvožđa i cinka u zrnu, kombinacija Fe+Zn pokazala je najveći a kontrola najniži učinak. Takođe, primena cinka je dala bolje rezultate u odnosu na gvožđe. Najviša koncentracija gvožđa kod genotipova G1, G2, G3, i G4 uočena je kod kombinacije Fe+Zn, kontrole, Zn, odnosno Fe. Najviše koncentracije cinka su zabeležene kod genotipa G3 kada je korišćen samo Zn ili u kombinaciji sa Fe. Prema rezultatima, folijarna primena gvožđa i cinka povećala je prinos tvrde pšenice na zemljištu deficitarnom u cinku i gvožđu.

Ključne reči

tvrda pšenica; folijarno prskanje; koncentracija minerala; prinos

Reference

Abbas, G., Khan, M.Q., Jamil, M., Tahir, M., Hussain, F. (2009) Nutrient uptake, growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum) as affected by zinc application rates. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 11(4): 389-396
Alloway, B.J. (2008) Zinc in soils and crop nutrition. Brussels, Belgium: IZA, Second edition
Brennan, R.F. (2007) Effectiveness of zinc sulfate and zinc chelate as foliar sprays in alleviating zinc deficiency of wheat grown on zinc-deficient soils in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 31(6): 831-831
Cakmak, I. (2000) Plant nutrition research: Priorities to meet human needs for food in sustainable ways. Plant Science, 247, 3-24
Cakmak, I., Kalaycı, M., Ekiz, H., Braun, H.J., Kılınç, Y., Yılmaz, A. (1999) Zinc deficiency as a practical problem in plant and human nutrition in Turkey: A NATO-science for stability project. Field Crops Research, 60(1-2): 175-188
Cakmak, I. (2008) Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: Agronomic or genetic biofortification?. Plant and Soil, 302(1-2): 1-17
Conti, M.E., Cubadda, F., Carcea, M. (2000) Trace metals in soft and durum wheat from Italy. Food Additives and Contaminants, 17(1): 45-53
Dorostkar, V., Afyuni, M., Khoshgoftarmanesh, A. (2013) Effects of preceding crop residues on total and bio-available zinc concentration and phytic acid concentration in wheat grain. Journal of Water and Soil Science, 17 (64), 81-93. (In Persian with English abstract)
Elias, E.M., Manthey, F.A. (2005) End products: Present and future uses. u: C. Royo, M.M. Nachit, N. Di Fonzo, J.L. Araus [ur.] Durum Wheat Breeding Current Approaches and Future Strategies, 63-86
El-Magid, A.A.A., Knany, R.E., El-Fotoh, H.G.A. (2000) Effect of foliar application of some micronutrients on wheat yield and quality. Annals of Agricultural Science Cairo, 1: 301-313
Erdal, I., Yilmaz, A., Taban, S., Eker, S., Torun, B., Cakmak, I. (2002) Phytic acid and phosphorus concentrations in seeds of wheat cultivars grown with and without zinc fertilization. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25(1): 113-127
Fan, M.S., Zhao, F.J., Fairweather-Tait, S.J., Poulton, P.R., Dunham, S.J., McGrath, S.P. (2008) Evidence of decreasing mineral density in wheat grain over the last 160 years. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 22(4): 315-324
Feiziasl, V. (2006) Determination of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu critical levels and classification for dryland wheat (T. aestivum. L.) in North western of Iran. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Journal of Agriculture), 37(1): 389-401
Ficco, D.B.M., Riefolo, C., Nicastro, G., de Simone, V., di Gesù, A.M., Beleggia, R., Platani, C., Cattivelli, L., de Vita, P. (2009) Phytate and mineral elements concentration in a collection of Italian durum wheat cultivars. Field Crops Research, 111(3): 235-242
Graham, R.D., Ascher, J.S., Hynes, S.C. (1992) Selecting zinc-efficient cereal genotypes for soils of low zinc status. Plant and Soil, 146(1-2): 241-250
Grusak, M.A., Cakmak, I. (2005) Methods to improve the crop delivery of minerals to humans and livestock. u: M.R. Broadle, P.J. White [ur.] Plant Nutritional Genomics, Blackwell, 265-286
Gupta, U.C. (1991) Iron status of crops in Prince Edward Island and effect of soil pH on plant iron concentration. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 71(2): 197-202
Hemantaranjan, A., Garg, O.K. (1988) Iron and zinc fertilization with reference to the grain quality of Triticum aestivum L. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 11(6-11): 1439-1450
Hussain, N., Khan, M.A., Javad, M.A. (2005) Effect of foliar application of plant micronutrient mixture on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(8): 1096-1099
Khan, M.A., Fuller, M.P., Baloch, F.S. (2008) Effect of soil applied zinc sulphate on wheat (Triticum aestivumL.) grown on a calcareous soil in Pakistan. Cereal Research Communications, 36(4): 571-582
Khan, N., Tariq, M., Ullah, K., Muhammad, D., Khan, I., Rahatullah, K., Ahmed, N., Ahmed, S. (2014) The Effect of Molybdenum and Iron on Nodulation, Nitrogen Fixation and Yield of Chickpea Genotypes (Cicer Arietinum L). IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 7(1): 63-79
Khoshgoftarmanesh, A.H., Shariatmadari, H., Karimian, N., Kalbasi, M., Khajehpour, M.R. (2004) Zinc Efficiency of Wheat Cultivars Grown on a Saline Calcareous Soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27(11): 1953-1962
Kumar, A., Söll, D. (2000) Antisense HEMA1 RNA Expression Inhibits Heme and Chlorophyll Biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology, 122(1): 49-56
Malakoti, M.J., Hasanpor, A. (2003) The role of optimum use of fertilizers on time of Agricultural production harvest. Ministry of Jahade Agriculture, Technical issue No. 292, 92p. (In Persian)
Malakouti, M.J. (2007) Zinc is a neglected element in the life cycle of plants. Middle Eastern and Russian Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology, 1(1): 1-12
Ming, C., Yin, C.R. (1992) Effect of Mn and Zn-fertilizers on nutrient balance and deficiency diagnosis of winter wheat crop in pot experiment. u: S. Portch [ur.] International Symposium on the Role of Sulphur, Magnesium, and Micronutrients in Balanced Plant Nutrition, Washington, DC, 369-379
Mohamed, A.A., Ali, A.A. (2004) Iron deficiency stimulated some enzymes activity, lipid peroxidation and free radicals production in Borago officinalis induced in vitro. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 6: 179-184
Monasterio, I., Graham, R.D. (2000) Breeding for Trace Minerals in Wheat. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 21(4): 392-396
Morgounov, A., Gómez-Becerra, H.F., Abugalieva, A., Dzhunusova, M., Yessimbekova, M., Muminjanov, H., Zelenskiy, Y., Ozturk, L., Cakmak, I. (2007) Iron and zinc grain density in common wheat grown in Central Asia. Euphytica, 155(1-2): 193-203
Nan, Z., Li, J., Zhang, J., Cheng, G. (2002) Cadmium and zinc interactions and their transfer in soil-crop system under actual field conditions. Science of The Total Environment, 285(1-3): 187-195
Nikolić, M., Nikolić, N., Kostić, L., Pavlović, J., Bosnić, P., Stević, N., Savić, J., Hristov, N. (2016) The assessment of soil availability and wheat grain status of zinc and iron in Serbia: Implications for human nutrition. Science of The Total Environment, 553: 141-148
Pahlavan-Rad, M.R., Pessarakli, M. (2009) Response of Wheat Plants to Zinc, Iron, and Manganese Applications and Uptake and Concentration of Zinc, Iron, and Manganese in Wheat Grains. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 40(7-8): 1322-1332
Ravi, S., Channal, H.T., Hebsur, N.S., Patil, B.N., Dharmatti, P.R. (2008) Effect of sulphur, zinc and iron nutrition on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and quality of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 21(3): 382-385
Rengel, Z., Graham, R.D. (1995) Importance of seed Zn content for wheat growth on Zn-deficient soil: Vegetative growth. Plant and Soil, I, 173(2): 259-266
Saha, S., Mandal, B., Hazra, G.C., Dey, A., Chakraborty, M., Adhikari, B., Mukhopadhyay, S.K., Sadhukhan, R. (2015) Can agronomic biofortification of zinc be benign for iron in cereals?. Journal of Cereal Science, 65: 186-191
Sanchez, P.A., Swaminathan, M.S. (2005) Hunger in Africa: The link between unhealthy people and unhealthy soils. Lancet, 365(9457): 442-444
Seadh, S.E., El-Abady, M.I., El-Ghamry, A.M., Farouk, S. (2009) Influence of Micronutrients Foliar Application and Nitrogen Fertilization on Wheat Yield and Quality of Grain and Seed. Journal of Biological Sciences, 9(8): 851-858
Shivay, Y.S., Kumar, D., Prasad, R. (2008) Effect of zinc-enriched urea on productivity, zinc uptake and efficiency of an aromatic rice-wheat cropping system. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 81(3): 229-243
Singh, M., Chaudhary, S.R., Sharma, S.R., Rathore, M.S. (2004) Effect of some micronutrients on content and uptake by chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Agricultural Science Digest, 24(4): 268-270
Sultana, S., Naser, H.M., Shil, N.C., Akhter, S., Begum, R.A. (2016) Effect of foliar application of zinc on yield of wheat grown by avoiding irrigation at different growth stages. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 41(2): 323-334
Tiwari, K.N., Pathak, A.N. (1982) Studies on Fe-Zn interrelationships in Rice under flooded and unflooded conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 5(4-7): 741-742
Wang, J.W., Mao, H., Zhao, H.B., Huang, D.L., Wang, Z.W. (2012) Different increases in maize and wheat grain zinc concentrations caused by soil and foliar applications of zinc in Loess Plateau, China. Field Crops Research, 135: 89-96
White, P.J., Broadley, M.R. (2005) Biofortifying crops with essential mineral elements. Trends in Plant Science, 10(12): 586-593
White, P.J., Broadley, M.R. (2011) Physiological Limits to Zinc Biofortification of Edible Crops. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2: 80-80
Yassen, A., Abou,, El-Nour, E.A.A., Shedeed, S. (2010) Response of wheat to foliar spray with urea and micronutrients. Journal of American Science, 6(9): 14-22
Yilmaz, A.H., Ekiz, H., Torun, B., Gultekin, I., Karanlik, S.A., Bagci, S.A., Cakmak, I. (1997) Effect of different zinc application methods on grain yield and zinc concentration in wheat grown on zinc-deficient calcareous soils in central Anatolia. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 20(4-5): 461-471
Zeidan, M.S., Mohamed, M.F., Hamouda, H.A. (2010) Effect of foliar fertilization of Fe, Mn and Zn on wheat yield and quality in low sandy soils fertility. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6: 696-699
Zhang, Y., Shi, R., Rezaul, K.M., Zhang, F., Zou, C. (2010) Iron and Zinc Concentrations in Grain and Flour of Winter Wheat as Affected by Foliar Application. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58(23): 12268-12274
Ziaeian, A.H., Malakouti, M.J. (2001) Effects of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu fertilization on the yield and grain quality of wheat in the calcareous soils of Iran. u: W.J. Horst, et al. [ur.] Plant Nutrition: Food Security and Sustainability of Agro-Ecosystems, Dordrecht: Springer, 92: 840-841