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Zaštita materijala
2018, vol. 59, br. 2, str. 189-198
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
objavljeno: 13/07/2018
doi: 10.5937/ZasMat1802189K
Creative Commons License 4.0
Istraživanje nanofibriranih obloženih traka za hemijsku i biološku zaštitu
Defence Materials & Stores Research & Development Establishment, Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO), Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

e-adresa: muk120in@yahoo.co.in

Sažetak

Zaštitna odeća od nuklearne, biološke i hemijske (NB ) zaštite širom sveta ima veoma ograničenu zaštitu od bakterija. Osim toga, odeća NB ima dosta poboljšanja u nekim važnim osobinama kao što su udobnost, bolja zaštita od CVA i smanjenje težine. Svrha ovog istraživačkog rada je uspostavljanje procesa integrisanja nanofibrirane obložene mreže sa adsorbentnim slojem NB odeće radi postizanja potrebne biološke i hemijske zaštite i smanjivanje njegove težine. U ovom istraživanju razvijena je laminirana struktura aktivne ugljenične sfere (ACS) integrisana sa nanofibriranim mrežama od polivinil alkohola (PVA). Dizajn procesa integracije PVA sa adsorbentnim slojem strateški je rešen. PVA različitih morfoloških struktura i gustina premaza (0,03 -0,61 g/m2) najnovijom tehnologijom ''pauka'' bez nanosa, su naneti na polipropilen (PP) vezane netkane tkanine. Tako obložena PP tkanina je spojena na graničnoj liniji sa slojem adsorbenta na kompozitnom sloju. Različiti atributi i funkcionalne osobine PVA nanofibroznog integrisanog upijajućeg sloja karakterišu upotrebom FESEM-a, testa 1,3-Dihloropropana (stimulans za iperit), testa izdržljivosti, veličine pora, prozračnosti vazduha i brzine prenosa vodene pare. Navedena istraživanja su pokazala da su integracijom nanofibriranih slojeva u sloj adsorbentnih slojeva NB odeće, povezane razne funkcionalne osobine kao što su dodatna bakterijska i hemijska zaštita i smanjenje težini odela.

Ključne reči

sloj adsorbenta; biološka i hemijska zaštita; nanofiber

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