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2020, vol. 25, br. 49, str. 77-82
Evaluation of innovative and environmentally safe growing practice suitable for sustainable management of plum orchards
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aInstitut za voćarstvo, Čačak
bUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Čačak

e-adresampesakovic@institut-cacak.org
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Institut za voćarstvo, Čačak) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200215)
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Čačak) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200088)

Ključne reči: mikrobiološko hranivo; mineralno hranivo; šljiva; produktivnost; kvalitet
Sažetak
Intenzivni razvoj poljoprivredne proizvodnje zasnovan na dugoročnoj i prekomernoj upotrebi mineralnih azotnih đubriva značajno doprinosi nizu neželjenih efekata i rezultira zagađenjem životne sredine. U skladu sa tim, neophodne su krupne i brze promene u poljoprivrednoj proizvodnji. Imajući u vidu da ishrana igra važnu ulogu u tehnologiji gajenja različitih vrsta voćaka, smatrali smo da bi se navedeni problemi mogli prevazići uvođenjem inovativnih i po životnu sredinu bezbednih proizvoda i tehnika u postojeću tehnologiju gajenja različitih vrsta voćaka, uključujući i šljivu. Shodno tome, u zasadu šljive sorti ʻČačanska lepotica' i 'Stanley' sprovedena su uporedna proučavanja uticaja biofertilizacije (kombinacija azoto-fiksirajućih i fosfo-mineralizirajućih bakterija: Azotobacter chroococcum, Bacillus megatherium i Bacillus subtilis) i upotrebe mineralnog hraniva (vodotopivo mineralno hranivo sa dodatkom mikroelemenata: B, Cu, Fe, Mn i Zn). Ispitivanja su obuhvatala ocenu mase, dužine, širine i čvrstine ploda, kao i sadržaja rastvorljive suve materije, ukupnih fenola i ukupne antioksidativne aktivnosti navedenih sorti šljive. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na činjenicu da je zamena mineralnih hraniva biofertilizatorima kod sorti šljive 'Čačanska lepotica' i 'Stanley' opravdana mera. Pored toga, može se reći da navedena tehnologija predstavlja potencijal i za komercijalnu proizvodnju šljive i može doprineti poboljšanju prinosa i fitohemijskom sastavu plodova šljive.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/AASer2049077P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 18.09.2020.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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