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Acta periodica technologica
2016, br. 47, str. 193-203
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 25/08/2017
doi: 10.2298/APT1647193F
Određivanje optimalnih parametara za superkritičnu ekstrakciju bosiljka metodom odzivne površine
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnološki fakultet

e-adresa: filipsnezana@gmail.com

Projekat

Farmakološki aktivne supstance i proizvodi na bazi lekovitog/aromatičnog bilja za primenu u farmaciji (MPNTR - 31013)

Sažetak

U ovom radu superkritična ekstrakcija isparljivih komponenata bosiljka (Ocimum basilicum L.) je ispitivana. U cilju optimizacije parametara superkritične ekstrakcije primenjena je metoda odzivne površine. Faktorijalni dizajn je upotrebljen za evaluaciju efekata dve nezavisno promenljive (pritiska i temperature) na prinos ekstrakcije i prinos linaloola. Uticaj pritiska na proces superkritične ekstrakcije ispitan je u opsegu pritisaka od 10 do 30 MPa, dok je uticaj temperature ispitan u opsegu od 40 do 60oC. Na osnovu odzivnih površina, pritisak i temperatura ispoljavaju nezavisni i međusobni uticaj na prinos ekstrakcije. Optimalni uslovi pri kojima se dobija najveći prinos ekstrakcije (1,91%) je pritisak od 29,7 MPa i temperatura od 59,2oC, dok je najveći prinos linaloola (1.998 g·kg-1) dobijen pri pritisku od 20 MPa i temperaturi od 40oC. Eksperimentalne vrednosti koje se odlično slažu sa predviđenim kvadratnim modelom, ukazuju da je polinomska zavisnost posmatranog odziva pogodna za optimizaciju superkritične ekstrakcije bosiljka.

Ključne reči

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