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Medicinski pregled
2018, vol. 71, br. 9-10, str. 277-283
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/MPNS1810277K
Epidemiološke karakteristike samoubistava u autonomnoj pokrajini Vojvodini
aPublic Health Institute Sombor, Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Sombor
bQueen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK + Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina
cJames Paget University Hospitals, Great Yarmouth, UK
dUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine Novi Sad + Ocology Institute of Vojvodine, Sremska Kamenica
eUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine Novi Sad + Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina

e-adresa: kacavendad@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Uvod. Samoubistvo se definiše kao svesno i namerno uništavanje sopstvenog života uz samo destruktivno ponašanje sa fatalnim ishodom. Svake godine milioni ljudi su pogođeni iskustvom samoubistva ili tugovanjem. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio sagledavanje osnovnih epidemioloških karakteristika samoubistava u Autonomnoj Pokrajini Vojvodini, što bi doprinelo ciljanom usmerenju preventivnih programa. Materijal i metode. Sprovedena je deskriptivna epidemiološka studija. Podaci su analizirani hronološki, prema različitim demografskim karakteristikama i topografskoj distribuciji. Kao parametri korišćeni su osnovni statistički pokazatelji: nestandardizovane, standardizovane i specifične stope mortaliteta. Rezultati. U posmatranom periodu od 1991. do kraja 2010. godine u Autonomnoj Pokrajini Vojvodini prosečna godišnja nestandardizovana stopa samoubistava iznosila je 27,9/100.000 stanovnika. Najviše stope mortaliteta usled samoubistava zabeležene su 1992. i 1993. godine (33,7/100.000 i 34,5/100.000) i 1999. godine (31,5/100.000). Najviša uzrasno specifična stopa smrtnosti usled samoubistava zabeležena je u starosnoj grupi ≥ 80 godina (120,5/100,000). Stope smrtnosti usled samoubistva bile su značajno veće kod muškaraca, dok je najčešći metod samoubistva kod oba pola bio vešanjem (69,9%). Najveća prosečna godišnja stopa samoubistva zabeležena je kod udovaca (176,9/100.000) i udovica (37,8/100.000). Najmanji broj samoubistava registrovan je kod osoba sa višim stepenom obrazovanja. Zaključak. Kako su u Autonomnoj Pokrajini Vojvodini muškarci, starije osobe, osobe sa niskim nivoom obrazovanja i osobe koje su izgubile svog partnera imale povećan rizik od samoubistva, preventivni programi bi trebalo da budu usmereni na te grupe, uključujući mere primarne i sekundarne prevencije.

Ključne reči

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