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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2018, vol. 75, br. 8, str. 749-755
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/VSP160704371L
Creative Commons License 4.0
Karakteristike samoubistva u gradu Nišu u periodu 2000-2010. godine
aClinical Hospital Center Gračanica, Clinic of Psychiatry, Gračanica
bUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Chatedra of Psychiatry
cUniverzitet u Prištini (Kosovska Mitrovica), Medicinski fakultet
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za medicinsku statistiku i informatiku

e-adresa: drljusic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Uvod/Cilj. Suicid je značajan svetski zdravstveni problem. Mnogobrojni faktori doprinose nastanku samoubistva. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitivanje karakteristika suicida na teritoriji grada Niša u periodu 2001- 2010. godine. Metode. Ovo retrospektivno istraživanje obuhvatilo je 608 osoba koje su izvršile samoubistvo, podeljene u tri grupe: osobe sa psihičkim poremećajima, osobe sa fizičkim poremećajima i osobe bez registrovanog poremećaja. Podaci o sociodemografskim karakteristikama, prethodnim pokušajima i načinima izvršenja samoubistva i prisustva presuicidnog sindroma prikupljani su iz Ministarstva unutrašnjih poslova Republike Srbije, Policijske uprave grada Niša i Zavoda za statistiku Republike Srbije. Rezultati. Suicid su najčešće izvršile osobe sa psihičkim poremećajima (54,3%), zatim osobe bez registrovanog poremećaja (31.9%), a najmanje osobe sa somatskim smetnjama (13.8%). Osobe sa psihičkim poremećajima najčešće su bile razvedene, sa srednjim obrazovanjem, mesečnim primanjima i bar jednom su prethodno pokušale samoubistvo. Najčeši metod suicida bio je vešanja, a zatim samotrovanje lekovima. Presuicidni sindrom najčešće je uočen kod osoba sa psihičkim poremećajima u poređenju sa osobama sa somatskim poremećajima ili sa osobama bez registrovanih poremećaja (45,8% prema 16,7%, i 45,8% prema 28,4%, redom, p < 0.001). Zaključak. Iako su osobe sa psihičkim smetnjama pod najvećim rizikom da izvrše suicid, one su pod psihijatrijskom kontrolom, stoga bi program prevencije suicida trebalo da bude usmeren na osobe sa teškim somatskim smetnjama i invaliditetom, kao i na stare, usamljene osobe bez dijagnostikovanih poremećaja.

Ključne reči

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