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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2018, vol. 75, br. 9, str. 905-910
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 16/10/2018
doi: 10.2298/VSP161212025D
Creative Commons License 4.0
Predoziranje heroinom - suicid ili zadesno predoziranje?
aKlinički centar Republike Srpske, Klinika za psihijatriju, Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, BiH
bKlinički centar Kragujevac, Klinika za psihijatriju
cKlinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za psihijatriju, Novi Sad + Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet
dKlinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za psihijatriju, Novi Sad

e-adresa: tacadragisic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Uvod/Cilj. Samoubistvo je značajan socijalno medicinski problem. Zbog čestih predoziranja među zavisnicima, postavlja se pitanje suicidnosti ove populacije. Cilj rada bio je utvrđivanje specifičnosti i distinktivnih faktora kod zavisnika od opijata koji su se predozirali sa namerom da počine suicid u odnosu na zavisnike kod kojih je predoziranje bilo zadesno. Metode. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćeno 150 ispitanika: 49 zavisnika od heroina na programu supstitucije koji su se predozirali sa jasnom suicidnom namerom i 101 zavisnik koji se predozirao bez suicidne namere. U istraživanju je korišćen sociodemografski upitnik i upitnik sa podacima o adikciji, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) i Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life (MANSA) upitnik kvaliteta života. Za statističku analizu su korišćeni Pirsonov χ2 test, Studentov t-test i univarijatna analiza varijanse. Rezultati. Zavisnici sa suicidnim pokušajem bili su mlađi (29,7 : 36,3 godine), ranije su počeli da uzimaju heroin (17,8 : 21,3 godine; p = 0,013), duže ga koriste (814,1 : 9,2 meseci; p = 0,00), i duže ga uzimaju intravenski (11,6 : 6,5 godine; p = 0,00). Suicidu je prethodio traumatski događaj (p = 0,015) i imali su više pokušaja suicida (p = 0,004). Kvalitet života su procenili kao manje kvalitetan (p = 0,03) u oblasti zadovoljstva smeštajem, prijateljima i organizacijom slobodnog vremena. Zaljučak. U skladu sa dobijenim podacima potrebno je koncipirati programe prevencije suicida među zavisnicima uopšte, a posebno programe koji bi bili usmereni ka zavisnicima mlađe životne dobi.

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