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2018, vol. 35, br. 3, str. 226-235
Sezonske promene određenih fizičkih i fizioloških varijabli kod rukometaša
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
bUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresaljuba.pavlovic@fsfv.ni.ac.rs
Ključne reči: rukomet; snaga; brzina; izdržljivost
Sažetak
Pretraga literature pokazuje da postoji nedostatak studija koje su istraživale odnose između određenih parametara fizičke pripremljenosti nadgledanih tokom sezone i kvantitativnih ocena treninga i takmičenja kod vrhunskih rukometaša. Cilj rada bio je praćenje promena brzine, sile, snage i izdržljivosti vrhunskih rukometaša tokom takmičarske sezone. Istraživanje je sprovedeno na grupi od 14 vrhunskih rukometaša koji su testirani četiri puta tokom sezone (T1, T2, T3, T4). Testiranje se sastojalo od sledećih procedura: 1) merenja antropometrijskih karakteristika (visina tela, telesna masa, procenat masnog tkiva); 2) merenja motoričkih sposobnosti (maksimalna mišićna sila i snaga, brzina, eksplozivna snaga); 3) merenja fizioloških parametara (anaerobni kapacitet i kardiorespiratorna izdržljivost). Eksplozivna snaga bila je niža na kraju sezone u odnosu na prvi deo sezone (T1 vs T4: p = 0,00, T2 vs T4: p = 0,00), kao i ukupan rad na modifikovanom Wingate testu (T1 vs T4: p = 0,01). Nasuprot tome, nivo laktata u krvi nakon trećeg (T1 vs T2: p = 0,00, T1 vs T3: p = 0,02; T1 vs T4: p = 0,00) i četvrtog (T1 vs T3: p = 0,02) merenja tokom testa izdržljivosti, bio je najviši na početku sezone. Naši rezultati ukazuju na to da su anaerobne sposobnosti igrača uglavnom negativno pogođene dugačkom sezonom i neadekvatnim treningom, dok se aerobne sposobnosti poboljšavaju tokom takmičarske sezone. Objašnjenje za ovakve rezultate nalazimo u nedovoljnom treningu snage ili u negativnom preklapanju efekata treninga izdržljivosti sa programom za razvoj snage.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2478/afmnai-2018-0024
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.10.2018.
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