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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2016, vol. 15, br. 3, str. 239-264
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/specedreh15-10283
Creative Commons License 4.0
Da li je čaša poluprazna ili polupuna - sociodemografske varijable i vrsta ometenosti kao determinante nade kod osoba s ometenošću
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: colicmarija@outlook.com

Sažetak

Nada ima poseban značaj za osobe s ometenošću, često preplavljene negativnim osećanjima tuge, strepnje i straha od budućnosti. Koncept nade može da se odredi kao unutrašnja snaga koja pomaže u prevazilaženju efekata negativnih životnih događaja. Cilj istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi nivo nade kod tri različite grupe osoba s ometenošću i njegova povezanost sa sociodemografskim karakteristikama ispitanika. Uzorak je obuhvatio 929 ispitanika, 351 ispitanik je bio s motoričkim oštećenjem, 337 s oštećenjem sluha i 241 s oštećenjem vida. Primenjene su skale: Skala nade Hertove (HHI - Herth Hope Index) i Upitnik o sociodemografskim podacima. Rezultati pokazuju da više nade ispoljavaju mlađi ispitanici u odnosu na grupu starijih ispitanika, žene u odnosu na muškarce, obrazovaniji u odnosu na manje obrazovane, zaposleni i studenti u odnosu na nezaposlene i penzionere, oženjeni i neoženjeni u odnosu na razvedene i udovce, oni ko ji žive sa partnerom, s partnerom i decom ili s roditeljima u odnosu na one koji žive samo s decom i ispitanici s visokim ili srednjim prihodima u odnosu na one sa niskim prihodima. Osobe sa senzornom ometenošću ispoljavaju više nade u pogledu ostvarenja budućih ciljeva, postojanja unutrašnje snage za prevladavanje, dobijanja spoIjašnje podrške u odnosu na osobe sa motoričkim oštećenjem.

Ključne reči

nada; osobe s motoričkim oštećenjem; osobe s oštećenjem sluha; osobe s oštećenjem vida; sociodemografske karakteristike

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