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2017, vol. 54, br. 3, str. 117-123
Stimulacija zemljišne mikrobiološke aktivnosti sa klinoptilolitom - uticaj na rast biljke
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bNorwegian University of Life Sciences, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Oslo, Norway

e-adresaalsimic@agrif.bg.ac.rs
Sažetak
Zeoliti mogu ublažiti otpuštanje amonijaka u prirodu preko uzimanja jona iz izvora kao što su stajnjak i đubriva bogata amonijakom. Ova sposobnost može unaprediti đubrenje azotom preko zeolitom usvojenih amonijum jona koji bi tako postali dostupni za usvajanje biljkama. Cilj ovih ispitivanja je bio procena uticaja zeolita (klinoptilolita) i zeolita obogaćenog amonijakom na rast i prinos crvene deteline (Trifolium pratense L.), kao i na njihovu ulogu u mikrobiološkoj dinamici zemljišta. Biljke sejane u sudovima su košene četiri puta i meren je prinos suve materije (SM) svakog otkosa. Broj bakterija, plesni, amonifikatora, Azotobacter sp. i aktinomiceta je utvrđen na početku ogleda i nakon svakog košenja. U istraživanja su uključena dva kontrolna tretmana (zemljište bez đubriva i zemljište sa dodatim mineralnim đubrivom - KAN). Primena klinoptilolita obogaćenog sa amonijakom je pozitivno i značajno uticala na mikrobiološku aktivnost i povećala je prinos (od 4,9 g po sudu kod tretmana sa klinoptilolitom obogaćenim amonijakom do 4,3 g po sudu u zemljištu sa zemljištem i zeolitom zajedno). Naša istraživanja sugerišu da se može preporučiti dodavanje klinoptilolita organskim đubrivima (stajnjaku, kompostu). Ključna dobit od primene klinoptilolita bi se ogledala u povećanju zastupljenosti mikrobioloških zajednica i njihove aktivnosti.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov54-14870
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 08.01.2018.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0