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Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade)
2020, vol. 65, br. 1, str. 19-35
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 04/04/2020
doi: 10.2298/JAS2001019S
Creative Commons License 4.0
Evaluacija integrisanog upravljanja azotom i fosforom korišćenjem metode dvosmerne to (treatmani x osobine) biplot analize kod soje
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Moghan College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ardabil, Iran

e-adresa: shiri.m@uma.ac.ir

Sažetak

Kako bismo ispitali uticaje integrisanog upravljanja hranljivim materijama na sadržaj ulja, proteina, prinos zrna i još neke osobine soje, sproveli smo faktorijalni eksperiment uključujući 4 bio-đubriva (bez inokulacije, inokulacija biođubrivom Barvar-2, inokulacija biođubrivom Biosoy, dvojna inokulacija biođubrivima Biosoy i Barvar-2) i 3 hemijska đubriva (bez hemijskih đubriva, 66 kg ha-1 diamonijum fosfata + 50 kg ha-1 uree, 132 kg ha-1 diamonijum fosfata + 100 kg ha-1 uree) sa 100% hemijskim đubrivom (200 kg ha-1 diamonijum fosfata + 150 kg ha-1 uree) kao kontrolne varijante u potpuno slučajnom blok sistemu sa četiri ponavljanja na istraživačkom imanju Univerziteta Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran. Analizom varijanse se pokazalo da kombinacije tretmana utiču na većinu osobina (P>0,01). Korišćene su TO (tretmani x osobine) biplot analize kako bismo odredili najbolje kombinacije tretmana i osobina. Prve dve glavne komponente (GK1 i GK2) objasnile su 94 i 96% ukupne varijante standardizovanih podataka u 2017. odnosno 2018. godini. Shodno tome, primena biođubriva Biosoy i 150 kg ha-1 uree + 200 kg ha-1 diamonijum fosfata značajno je povećala visinu stabljike prilikom žetve, broj zrna po biljci, biomasu, masu 100 zrna, prinos ulja i proteina, procenat proteina i prinos zrna u poređenju sa drugim kombinacijama tretmana. Rezultati su pokazali da postoje pozitivne korelacije između ovih osobina. Takođe, neinokulisane biljke i tretmani bez hemijskog đubriva značajno su povećali procenat ulja. Rezultati su ukazali da su visokoprinosne kombinacije tretmana imale niži procenat ulja. TO biplot analiza je korišćena za rangiranje kombinacija tretmana na osnovu pojedinačne osobine. Rezultatima ovog istraživanja sugeriše se da su biođubriva imala pozitivan uticaj na soju i da bi ona mogla da smanje upotrebu hemijskih đubriva. Istraživanjem se, takođe otkriva da su se TO biplot analizom mogle grafički pokazati međusobne veze između osobina i podržati vizuelno poređenje tretmana.

Ključne reči

biosoy; azot; soja; TO (tretmani x osobine); biplot analiza

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