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Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade)
2019, vol. 64, br. 3, str. 215-224
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 09/11/2019
doi: 10.2298/JAS1903215D
Creative Commons License 4.0
Zaoravanje žetvenih ostataka preduseva u cilju povećanja prinosa soje
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bMegatrend Univerzitet, Fakultet za biofarming, Bačka Topola
cInstitute Tamiš Pančevo, Pančevo

e-adresa: vojin.djukic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Prinos soje zavisi od izbora sorte, plodnosti zemljišta, agrotehničkih mera, kao i od vremenskih uslova u pojedinim godinama. Zaoravanjem žetvenih ostataka preduseva povećava se sadržaj organske materije u zemljištu, što ima pozitivan uticaj na plodnost zemljišta. U jedanaestogodišnjim istraživanjima proučavan je uticaj zaoravanja žetvenih ostataka preduseva kukuruza na prinos soje. Poslednjih nekoliko godina sve više se promoviše korišćenje žetvenih ostataka za dobijanje energije. Pogrešno je nazivati ovaj vid dobijene energije kao obnovljivu energiju, pošto se na duži period odnošenjem žetvenih ostataka sa poljoprivrednih površina pogoršava i trajno narušava plodnost zemljišta, što će dovesti u budućnosti do smanjenja prinosa gajenih biljaka, a samim tim i do smanjenja žetvenih ostataka. Zbog sve manje primene stajnjaka i organskih đubriva, neophodno je bar deo žetvenih ostataka gajenih biljaka vratiti u zemljište, kako bi se sačuvala struktura zemljišta i usporilo opadanje njegove plodnosti. Zaoravanje žetvenih ostataka preduseva kukuruza dovelo je do povećanja prinosa soje u proseku za 11,69%, odnosno po pojedinim godinama povećanje prinosa je bilo od 2,89% do 15,94%.

Ključne reči

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