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Acta herbologica
2018, vol. 27, br. 1, str. 55-64
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
objavljeno: 10/01/2019
doi: 10.5937/ActaHerb1801055R
Mogućnost primene 24-epibrasinolida za smanjenje fitotoksičnosti kod zajedničke primene tifensulfuron-metila i imazamoksa u soji
aInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd
bInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd

e-adresa: ljiljana.radivojevic@gmail.com

Projekat

Proučavanje biljnih patogena, artropoda, korova i pesticida u cilju razvoja metoda bioracionalne zaštite bilja i proizvodnje bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 31043)
Razvoj integrisanih sistema upravljanja štetnim organizmima u biljnoj proizvodnji sa ciljem prevazilaženja rezistentnosti i unapređenja kvaliteta i bezbednosti hrane (MPNTR - 46008)

Sažetak

U radu je praćena mogućnost primene 24-epibrasinolida za smanjenje fitotoksičnosti kod zajedničke primene tifensulfuron-metila i imazamoksa u soji. Ispitivanja su izvedena tokom tri vegetacione sezone na gazdinstvu PKB korporacije-Lepušnica u Glogonjskom ritu, na tri komercijalne sorte soje (Valjevka, Galina i Galeb). Za izvođenje ogleda korišćeni su preparati tifensulfuron-metila, imazamoksa i 24-epibrasinolida namenjeni za komercijalnu upotrebu. Preparati su primenjeni zajedno u količinama koje se preporučuju za primenu kada je soja bila u fazi 1-3 trolista. Fitotoksičnost primenjenih preparata je ocenjena 14 i 30 dana nakon tretmana, a na kraju vegetacije izmeren je prinos zrna svake sorte. U sve tri godine ispitivanja kombinacija tifensulfuron-metila i imazamoksa u preporučenim količinama primene je bila fitotoksična za soju, a simptomi fitotoksičnosti su se ispoljili kao: hloroza listova, tamno crvena nervatura listova, zaostajanje u porastu mladih listova i pojava zakržljalih biljaka. U istim uslovima, u tretmanima sa 24-epibrasinolidom fitotoksičnost je bila značajno manja. Takođe, tokom sve tri godine ispitivanja, kombinacija tifensulfuron-metil+imazamoks+24-epibrasinolid je dala veći prinos zrna soje u poređenju sa kombinacijom tifensulfuron-metil+imazamoks.

Ključne reči

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