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Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade)
2018, vol. 63, br. 4, str. 335-342
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/JAS1804335M

Creative Commons License 4.0
Uticaj potapanja semena soje na energiju klijanja
Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresa: zlaticamiladinov@gmail.com

Sažetak

Da bi se ispitao efekat potapanja na energiju klijanja starog semena soje, za analizu je odabrano šest sorti iz tri različite grupe zrenja: Galina i NS Princeza (0 grupa), Sava i NS Apolo (I grupa), Rubin i NS Zita (II grupa zrenja). Seme je proizvedeno u periodu od 2012. do 2014. godine, odnosno seme starosti tri, dve i jednu godinu. Za potapanje su korišćeni sledeći tretmani: destilovana voda (H2O), askorbinska kiselina 250 mg/l (ASA), folna kiselina 15 mg/l (Fol.), vodonik-peroksid 1% (H2O2) i kontrola - netretirano seme (C). Rezultati su pokazali da efekat potapanja zavisi od sorte, starosti semena, ali i tretmana koji se koristi. Neke sorte veoma dobro reaguju na potapanje, dok kod drugih dolazi do inhibitornog delovanja, pa se energija klijanja semena značajno smanjuje. Sorta Rubin je najbolje reagovala i jedino su kod ove sorte svi tretmani doveli do povećanja kvaliteta, u proseku od 2% do 8%. Primena prajmera kod jednogodišnjeg semena soje ostvarila je slabiji efekat nego kod dvogodišnjeg i trogodišnjeg semena. Međutim, kod jednogodišnjeg semena manje su oscilacije u kvalitetu usled potapanja. Kod jednogodišnjeg semena dejstvom prajmera energija klijanja može da se poveća odnosno smanji za 3%, dok se kod dvogodišnjeg i trogodišnjeg ta vrednost kreće do 7%. Rezultati pokazuju da je potapanje semena u askorbinsku kiselinu ostvarilo pozitivan efekat, dok primena ostalih prajmera nije uticala na vrednost energije klijanja ili je dovela do pada njene vrednosti. U proseku, dejstvom askorbinske kiseline najviše je došlo do povećanja kvaliteta trogodišnjeg semena soje - 2,83%, dok je povećanje dvogodišnjeg i trogodišnjeg bilo isto i iznosilo je 1.87%. Zbog toga se ne može govoriti o univerzalnoj primeni samo jednog prajmera, jer se može dogoditi da on ne odgovara određenoj sorti, ali i starosti semena, pa može doći do pada kvaliteta semena.

Ključne reči

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