• citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:[2]
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:8
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:4


članak: 5 od 19  
Back povratak na rezultate
2015, vol. 20, br. 39, str. 51-65
Uticaj mineralnih i organskih hraniva kod lucerke na prinos semena, biomasu korena i sadržaj humusa u zemljištu
aInstitute of Forage Crops, Pleven, Bulgaria
bNexus Technology Consultancy Sdn. Bhd., Kompleks Sentral, Jalan Segambut Atas, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Ključne reči: lucerka; mineralno đubrenje; stajnjak; prinos semena; masa suvog korena; humus
Ogled je sproveden u Institutu za krmno bilje, Pleven, Bugarska (2000-2003) u cilju proučavanja uticaja mineralnih i organskih hraniva na prinos semena lucerke, akumulaciju biomase korena i sadržaja humusa u zemljištu. Sorta lucerke Viktorija je gajena na izluženom černozemu bez navodnjavanja. Doze mineralnog azota (aktivni sastojak) od 70, 140 i 210 kg ha-1 su testirane u vidu amonijum nitrata i dobro zgorelog stajnjaka. Utvrđeno je da mineralno i organsko đubrivo u dozama od 140 i 210 kg ha-1 povećava prinos semena za 9,9% i 20,9% za mineralna, a za 30,3% i 40,6% za organska đubriva. Prinos semena je bio stabilniji kod đubrenja stajnjakom u poređenju sa mineralnim. Lucerka je akumulirala između 2669 i 3098 kg ha-1 suve korenove masa posle mineralne ishrane i između 3310 i 3570 kg ha-1 posle primene stajnjaka. Dodatnih 482 do 698 kg ha-1 mase korena je akumulirano primenom mineralnih đubriva. Visoki odnosi azotnih prinosa (od 192 do 216 kg ha-1) i biljkama dostupng azota (od 77 do 86 kg ha-1) su dobijeni kod tretmana sa organskim đubrivom. Najviši iznos humusa ostao je u zemljištu nakon ishrane lucerke organskim đubrivom u dozi od 210 kg ha-1.
Barber, S.A. (1979) Corn Residue Management and Soil Organic Matter1. Agronomy Journal, 71(4): 625
Beck, D.P., Materon, L.A., Afandi, F. (1993) Practical rhizobium-legume technology manual. Aleppo, Syria: ICARDA
Biederbec, V.O., Bjorge, H.A., Brandt, S.A., Henry, J.L., Hultgreen, G.E., Kielly, G.A. (2005) Soil improvements with legumes: Soils, fertility and nutrients. u: Green B.J., Biederbeck V.O. [ur.] Canada-Saskatchewan Agreement on Soil Conservation
Bulluck, L., Brosius, M., Evanylo, G., Ristaino, J. (2002) Organic and synthetic fertility amendments influence soil microbial, physical and chemical properties on organic and conventional farms. Applied Soil Ecology, 19(2): 147-160
Campbell, C.A., Janzen, H.H., Juma, N.G. (1997) Case Studies of Soil Quality in the Canadian Prairies. Long-term Field Experiments. u: Gregorich E. G. Carter M. R. [ur.] Soil Quality for Crop Production and Ecosystem Health, (Developments in Soil Science), 25: 351-398
Celik, I., Ortas, I., Kilic, S. (2004) Effects of compost, mycorrhiza, manure and fertilizer on some physical properties of a Chromoxerert soil. Soil and Tillage Research, 78(1): 59-67
Dubach, M., Russelle, M.P. (1994) Forage Legume Roots and Nodules and Their Role in Nitrogen Transfer. Agronomy Journal, 86(2): 259
Dwivedi, A.K. (2014) Impact of continuous cropping with fertilizer and manure application on soil fertility and crop productivity. u: CAFT on Management of Soil Health: Challenges and Opportunities, 29 Sept. to 19 Oct. 2014, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, 482004 (M.P.), 104-107
Edmeades, D.C. (2003) The long-term effects of manures and fertilizers on soil productivity and quality: A review. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst, 66: 165-180
Fishbeck, K.A., Heichel, G.H., Vance, C.P. (1987) Dry Matter, Nitrogen Distribution, and Dinitrogen Fixation in Contrasting Alfalfa Symbioses1. Crop Science, 27(6): 1205
Follett, R. (2001) Soil management concepts and carbon sequestration in cropland soils. Soil and Tillage Research, 61(1-2): 77-92
Gregorich, E.G., Drury, C.F., Baldock, J.A. (2001) Changes in soil carbon under long-term maize in monoculture and legume-based rotation. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 81(1): 21-31
Hakl, J., Fuksa, P., Šantrůček, J., Mášková, K. (2011) The development of lucerne root morphology traits under high initial stand density within a seven year period. Plant and Soil Environ, 57(2); 81-87
Hakl, J., Šantrůček, J., Kocourkova, D., Fuksa, P. (2007) The Effect of the Soil Compaction on the Contents of Alfalfa Root Reserve Nutrients in Relation to the Stand Density and the Amount of Root Biomass. Soil & Water Res., 2: 54-58
Hakl, J., Mášková, K., Šantrůček, J., Hrevušová, Z. (2012) Development of root morphology traits of the Czech lucerne varieties in chernozem over a three year period. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 60(3): 25-34
Heichel, G.H., Henjum, K.I. (1991) Dinitrogen fixation, nitrogen transfer, and productivity of forage legume-grass communities. Crop Science, 31(1), 202-8
Heichel, G.H., Barnes, D.K., Vance, C.P. (1981) Nitrogen Fixation of Alfalfa in the Seeding Year1. Crop Science, 21(2): 330
Herencia, J.F., Ruiz-Porras, J.C., Melero, S., Garcia-Galavis, P.A., Morillo, E., Maqueda, C. (2007) Comparison between Organic and Mineral Fertilization for Soil Fertility Levels, Crop Macronutrient Concentrations, and Yield. Agronomy Journal, 99(4): 973
Jarvis, S.C. (2005) N flow and N efficiency in legumes based systems: a system overview. u: Wachendorf M., Helgadottir A., Parente G. [ur.] Sward dynamics, N-flows and Forage Utilisation in Legume-Based Systems. Proc. of the 2nd COST 852 Workshop, November; 10-12, Italy: Grado, pp. 187-198
Jarvis, S.C., Barraclough, D. (1991) Variation in mineral nitrogen under grazed grassland swards. Plant and Soil, 138(2): 177-188
Kahiluoto, H., Kuisma, M., Ketoja, E., Salo, T., Heikkinen, J. (2015) Phosphorus in Manure and Sewage Sludge More Recyclable than in Soluble Inorganic Fertilizer. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(4): 2115-2122
Kertikova, D. (2008) The newest achievements in lucerne breeding in Bulgaria. u: Breeding 08, 24-27 Nov. 2008, Novi Sad, Serbia, Proc, pp. 509-512
Kostov, O. (1997) Fertilization for Sustainable Plant Production and Soil Fertility. u: Van Cleemput O. Haneklaus S. Hofman G. Schnug E. and Vermoesen A. [ur.] Proceedings of 11th International World Fertilizer Congress, September; 7-13, 2, p. 665-672
Kusvuran, A., Ralice, Y., Saglamtimur, T. (2014) Determining the Biomass Production Capacities of Certain Forage Grasses and Legumes and their Mixtures under Mediterranean Regional Conditions. Acta Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 2: 13-24
Kuzyakov, Y., Domanski, G. (2000) Carbon input by plants into the soil. Review. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 163(4): 421-431
Kwabiah, A.B., Spaner, D., Todd, A.G. (2005) Shoot-to-root ratios and root biomass of cool-season feed crops in a boreal Podzolic soil in Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 85(3): 369-376
Luscher, A., Mueller-Harvey, I., Soussana, J.F., Rees, R.M., Peyraud, J.L. (2014) Potential of legume-based grassland-livestock systems in Europe: A review. Grass and Forage Science, 1-23
Lynch, J.M., Whipps, J.M. (1990) Substrate flow in the rhizosphere. Plant and Soil, 129(1): 1-10
Michel, F.C., Rynk, R.F., Hoitink, H.A.S. (2002) Composting and compost utilization. u: Proceedings of International Symposium, May 6-8, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Page, A.L., Miller, R.H., Keeney, D.R. (1982) Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Madisson, Wiskonsin: American Society of Agronomy. Inc. Soil Science Society of America, Inc
Raviv, M., Medina, S., Krasnovsky, A., Ziadna, H. (2004) Organic Matter and Nitrogen Conservation in Manure Compost for Organic Agriculture. Compost Science & Utilization, 12(1): 6-10
Raza, A., Pietsch, G., Moghaddam, A., Loiskandl, W., Himmelbauer, M., Ardakani, M.R., Friedel, J.K. (2009) Root sampling and analysis in lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) field trial. u: International Symposium 'Root Research and Applications' RootRAP, 2-4 September 2009, Vienna, Austria: Boku, 1-3
Scholefield, D., Titchen, N.M. (1995) Development of a rapid field test for soil mineral nitrogen and its application to grazed grassland. Soil Use and Management, 11(1): 33-43
Sergeeva, A.G. (1955) The effect of lucerne and sainfoin on the water-stable structure of soils under irrigation. Pocvovedenie, 12: 35-42
Sheaffer, C.C., Bradshaw, G.J., Massey, D.L. (1971) Phosphorus placement for the establishment of alfalfa and brome grass. Agron. J., 63: 922-927
Singh, M., Wanjari, R.H., Dwivedi, A., Dalal, R. (2012) Yield response to applied nutrients and estimates of n2 fixation in 33-year-old soybean–wheat experiment on a vertisol. Experimental Agriculture, 48(03): 311-325
Starchenkov, E., Kot`s, S.Y. (1992) Biological nitrogen in agriculture and role the lucerne to replenish its reserves in the soil. Physiology and biochemistry of crop plants, 4: 325-338
Stoddard, F.L., Hovinen, S., Kontturi, M., Lindström, K., Nykänen, A. (2009) Legumes in Finnish agriculture: history, present status and future prospects. Agricultural and Food Science, 18(3): 191-205
Sullivan, D.M., Andrews, N.D. (2012) Estimating plant-available nitrogen release from cover crops. Pacific Northwest Extension Bulletin, Corvallis, OR, 636. Oregon State University
Tiwari, A., Dwivedi, A.K., Dikshit, P.R. (2002) Longterm influence of organic and inorganic fertilization on soil fertility and productivity of soybean-wheat system in a Vertisol. J Indian Soc Soil Sci, 50: 472-475
Vance, C.P. (1978) Nitrogen fixation in alfalfa; An overview. u: Proc. 6th annual. Alfalfa Symp., p. 34-41
Veronesi, F., Brummer, E.C., Huyghe, C. (2010) Alfalfa. u: B. Boller, U. K. Posselt, and F. Veronesi [ur.] Handbook of plant breeding: Fodder crops and amenity grasses, New York, USA: Springer, 395-437
Xie, H., Hu, X., Zhang, C.R., Chen, Y.F., Huang, X., Huang, X. (2013) Molecular Characterization of a stress-related Gene MsTPP in relation to somatic embryogenesis of Alfalfa. Pak. J. Bot., 45: 1285-1291