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Sociološki pregled
2020, vol. 54, br. 1, str. 3-22
jezik rada: engleski, srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 14/05/2020
doi: 10.5937/socpreg54-25869
Creative Commons License 4.0
Siromaštvo i nejednakost u savremenoj Portugaliji - uticaj politika štednje i lekcije za budućnost
University of Beira Interior (UBI), Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology (CIES-IUL), Covilhã, Portugal

e-adresa: alcidesmonteiro@ubi.pt

Sažetak

U Evropskoj uniji, Portugalija je jedna od zemalja s najvišim nivoima siromaštva i nejednakosti. To je stvarnost koja će biti u fokusu ovog rada. Tekst daje statističke podatke koji ilustruju razvoj siromaštva i nejednakost prihoda tokom poslednje decenije (2011-2019), a poslužiće kao osnov za kritičku analizu posledica ekonomskih ciklusa. Pre svega, to se odnosi na način na koji je spoj ekonomije (finansijska kriza), politike (plan štednje) i socijalnog konteksta (nedostatak socijalnog takmičenja) uticao na pogoršanje tokom perioda 2011-2014. Iz analize možemo da razvijemo argument da ukoliko negativan spoj ova tri faktora čini zemlju siromašnijom i sa više nejednakosti, pozitivan spoj istih faktora mogao bi zauzvrat da dovede do značajnog napretka u borbi protiv siromaštva i socijalne nejednakosti.

Ključne reči

Portugalija; siromaštvo; nejednakost prihoda; ekonomski ciklusi; statistika

Reference

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