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2022, vol. 56, iss. 1, pp. 7-12
Cigarette consumption among University students in Montenegro: The prevalence and smoking habits
aKlinika za nefrologiju, Klinički centar Crne Gore, Podgorica, Crna Gora
bOpšta bolnica Nikšić, Nikšić, Crna Gora
cInstitut za javno zdravlje Crne Gore, Podgorica, Crna Gora
dUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Anatomy and Forensic Medicine
ePrva kragujevačka gimnazija, Kragujevac
fUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases 'Dedinje'
gUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Pathophysiology
Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cigarette consumption and the differences in smoking habits among university students aged 18-26 years from different faculties in Montenegro. Method. This cross-sectional study was conducted in University of Montenegro in Podgorica and the data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Results. The study enrolled 146 students of both genders (63 males and 83 females) with an average age of 21.63 ± 2.16 years. It was shown that overall prevalence of cigarette consumption was 52.05% among all participants i.e. 21.62% among the students of Faculty of Medicine (p < 0.001). Among the students who practiced smoking, 46.57% of them stated that it was in the period of high school. We did not estimate a significant difference in the daily smoking frequency (number of cigarettes per day) (p = 0.443). Also, study participants did not have a specific time during the day for cigarette consumption (67.20%). The largest number of students (40.70%) light the first cigarette more than half an hour after waking up. University students believed that cigarette smoking could help overcome stressful situations, and that it improved concentration and memory. Smoking status was found to be higher among the students of older age (p < 0.001) and advancing year of faculty (p = 0.002). The analysis showed no significant gender difference in smoking habits. Conclusion. Our investigation confirmed a high prevalence of cigarette consumption among university students in Montenegro, and therefore we recommend that appropriate programs for smoking prevention and cessation be developed.
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article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/mckg56-37724
received: 07/05/2022
accepted: 28/07/2022
published in SCIndeks: 23/10/2022

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