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2022, vol. 56, br. 1, str. 7-12
Konzumiranje cigareta među studentima Univerziteta Crne Gore - prevalencija i pušačke navike
aKlinika za nefrologiju, Klinički centar Crne Gore, Podgorica, Crna Gora
bOpšta bolnica Nikšić, Nikšić, Crna Gora
cInstitut za javno zdravlje Crne Gore, Podgorica, Crna Gora
dUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Fakultet medicinskih nauka, Katedra za anatomiju i sudsku medicinu
ePrva kragujevačka gimnazija, Kragujevac
fUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za kardiovaskularne bolesti 'Dedinje'
gUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Fakultet medicinskih nauka, Katedra za patološku fiziologiju

e-adresavrndic07@yahoo.com
Ključne reči: konzumiranje cigareta; studenti; univerziteti
Sažetak
Cilj. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se utvrdi prevalencija konzumiranja cigareta i razlike u pušačkim navikama među studentima starosti 18-26 godina sa različitih fakulteta u Crnoj Gori. Metode. Ova studija preseka sprovedena je na Univerzitetu Crne Gore u Podgorici, a podaci su prikupljeni korišćenjem strukturisanog upitnika. Rezultati. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćeno 146 ispitanika oba pola (63 studenta i 83 studentkinje) prosečne starosti 21,63 ± 2,16 godina. Pokazano je da je ukupna prevalencija konzumiranja cigareta 52,05% među svim studentima, odnosno 21,62% među studentima Medicinskog fakulteta (p < 0,001). Među studentima koji su imali iskustvo sa pušenjem, njih 46,57% je navelo da je to bilo u periodu srednje škole. Nismo utvrdili značajnu razliku u dnevnoj učestalosti pušenja (broj cigareta dnevno) (p = 0,443). Takođe, ispitanici nisu imali određeno vreme tokom dana za konzumiranje cigareta (67,20%). Najveći broj ispitanika (40,70%) zapali prvu cigaretu nakon više od pola sata od buđenja. Studenti veruju da konzumiranjem cigareta mogu da prevaziđu stresne situacije i poboljšaju koncentraciju i pamćenje. Utvrđeno je da je pušački status viši kod studenata starijeg uzrasta (p < 0,001) i više godine fakulteta (p = 0,002). Studija nije pokazala značajnu razliku u pušačkim navikama među polovima. Zaključak. Naše istraživanje je potvrdilo visoku prevalenciju konzumiranja cigareta među studentima u Crnoj Gori, te stoga preporučujemo izradu odgovarajućih programa za prevenciju i odvikavanje od pušenja.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/mckg56-37724
primljen: 07.05.2022.
prihvaćen: 28.07.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.10.2022.

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