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Halo 194
2020, vol. 26, br. 2, str. 47-54
jezik rada: bosanski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 02/09/2020
doi: 10.5937/halo26-24888
Creative Commons License 4.0
Knowledge and stances on smoking tobacco in student population
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aInstitute for Emergency Medical Care, Sarajevo, B&H + Univerzitet u Sarajevu, Medicinski fakultet, Federacija BiH
bUniverzitet u Sarajevu, Medicinski fakultet, Federacija BiH

e-adresa: eslatina@gmail.com

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Introduction Smoking is a type of addiction that presents a significant problem for all health systems. Continuous education is necessary to promote awareness of the harmful effects of cigarette smoking. All type of assistance should be made available to help cigarette smokers shake the habit of smoking cigarettes. Objective to determine how smoking prohibitions and restrictions influence the population of students in Austria (Vienna) to smoke more or less than students in Sarajevo, as well as to determine the students' opinions on tobacco consumption. Methods Between 1st January and 31st May 2017, a survey was conducted to determine the awareness of students about the harmful effects of smoking and their opinions on the subject. One hundred students were surveyed, 50 from Sarajevo and 50 from Vienna. Both sexes were almost equally represented (26 male and 24 female in Vienna and 25 male and 25 female in Sarajevo). A specifically designed questionnaire had 20 questions. The results were evaluated using SPSS, the statistical software platform. Results the results show that a larger number of students smoked tobacco in Sarajevo (30 - 63,8%) than those in Vienna (17 - 33,6%). Within the surveyed group, the largest number of students use the hookah, also more in Sarajevo (36 - 55.4%) than in Vienna (29 - 44.6%). Students mostly smoke one to two packs of cigarettes a day and believe that they can stop whenever they want. The health risks do not prevent them from smoking cigarettes and hookahs. Prohibitions and restrictions affect the smoking habits of students in Vienna, but not in Sarajevo. The motivation to stop smoking is at a very low level. Students from Sarajevo think that they can stop smoking by spending time with non-smokers or indulging in sports activities. Students from Vienna think that awareness of the harmful effects of smoking can help a person to stop smoking. Students are aware of the dangers of smoking and consider hookah more dangerous than cigarettes. Conclusion the smoking of tobacco by young people is becoming a more pronounced health problem. Therefore, it is necessary to apply stricter legal prohibitions and restrictions as well as preventive measures. Future activities needed to tackle this global problem are the education of the young about the harmful effects of smoking.

Ključne reči

studenti; pušenje; učestalosti

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