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2022, vol. 6, br. 11, str. 4-9
Samomedikacija studenata zdravstvene struke
Akademija strukovnih studija Beograd, odsek Visoka zdravstvena škola, Beograd

e-adresazvonkod@gmail.com
Ključne reči: samomedikacija; studenti; studenti zdravstvene struke
Sažetak
Uvod: Samomedikacija se definiše kao korišćenje bilo kojih lekova bez konsultacije sa zdravstvenim profesionalcima. Danas je češće govori o odgovornoj samomedikaciji, koja podrazumeva upotrebu odgovarajućih lekova, kao što su lekovi bez recepta (OTC) u skladu sa potrebama pojedinca (pravilna indikacija, pravilan lek, pravilna informacija i procena). Učestalost samomedikacije u populaciji budućih zdravstvenih radnika je dosta visoka svuda u svetu. Istraživanje stavova i znanja o samomedikaciji u ovoj populaciji je od naročitog značaja, jer su to budući zdravstveni radnici koji će biti u kontaktu sa lekovima i baviti se zdravstvenim vaspitanjem opšte populacije. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitati učestalost i razloge za samomedikaciju u populaciji budućih zdravstvenih radnika. Metod: Istraživanje je realizovano kao studija preseka, uz pomoć anonimnog upitnika među budućim zdravstvenim radnicima, na uzorku od 551 ispitanika. Upitnik konstruisan za potrebe ovog istraživanja uključuje pored pitanja o socio-demografskim karakteristikama budućih zdravstvenih radnika i pitanja o samomedikaciji, razlozima za samomedikaciju. Rezultati: Većina budućih zdravstvenih radnika (79,1%) prijavila je da je u poslednjih godinu dana koristila neke lekove za samomedikaciju. Značajno u većem procentu samomedikacija je zatupljena kod ženskog pola (p=0,003), kod babica i sestara (p=0,001). Najčešći razlog za samomedikaciju bio je zauzimanje aktivne uloge u odlučivanju u vezi sa zdravljem (54,1%). Zaključak: U populaciji budućih zdravstvenih radnika utvrđena je visoka učestalost samomedikacije. Budući zdravstveni radnici moraju da budu dobro edukovani o odgovornoj samomedikaciji, kako bi istu primenjivali i promovisali tokom rada.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/SESTRVIZ2211004D
primljen: 20.10.2022.
revidiran: 22.10.2022.
prihvaćen: 22.10.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 18.11.2022.

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