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Sociološki pregled
2016, vol. 50, br. 2, str. 149-159
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 09/03/2017
doi: 10.5937/socpreg1602149D
Creative Commons License 4.0
Značaj mikro-strukturnog pristupa i mirovnih formacija u prevazilaženju socio-ekonomskih nejednakosti
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet političkih nauka

e-adresa: nemanja.dzuverovic@fpn.bg.ac.rs

Sažetak

Nejednakost ubrzano postaje jedan od najznačajnijih fenomena današnjice. Protesti (Španija, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo, Sjedinjene Američke Države), nasilje (Brazil, Izrael), kao i oružani sukobi (Indija, Tunis) direktna su posledica polarizacije koja je značajno uvećanja sa globalnim preovladavanjem neoliberalnog modela koja je započet 80-ih godina. Dosadašnje politike su se pokazale neefikasnim u savladavanju ne samo visoke dohodovne nejednakosti, već i njenih drugih dimenzija poput socijalne isključenosti (jednak pristup obrazovanju, i zdravstvenim/socijalnim uslugama i sl.) što značajno ograničava ljudski kapital i stvara konfliktni potencijal kod onih koji su marginalizovani. U navedenom kontekstu, raznovrsnost bi trebalo posmatrati kao prednost iako se time protivureči principu univerzalnosti koji se snažno nameće neoliberalnim modelom, neretko upotrebom pritisaka, izolacije ili nasilja. Upravo zbog toga mikro-strukturni pristup naglasak stavlja na važnost mirovnih formacija koje, zavisno od lokalnog konteksta, mogu biti dramatično drugačije, a istovremeno dovesti do sličnih učinaka kada su u pitanju duboko ukorenje nejednakosti koje su najčešće društveno uslovljene. Jedino insistirajući na lokalnom pristupu se savremena nejednakost može u potpunosti prepoznati, a samim tim i 'provencija' (Burton) ostvariti.

Ključne reči

nejednakost; mirovne formacije; sukob; mikro-strukturni pristup

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