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Zaštita materijala
2018, vol. 59, iss. 4, pp. 489-494
article language: English
document type: Scientific Paper
doi:10.5937/zasmat1804489M
Creative Commons License 4.0
Characterization of tantalum coatings deposited using vacuum plasma spray process
aIMTEL Institute, Belgrade
bUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture
cUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy
dTechno experts d.o.o - Research and Development Center, IHIS, Belgrade

e-mail: drmrdakmihailo@gmail.com

Project

Micromechanical criteria of damage and fracture (MESTD - 174004)
Development of covering and core production technology based on local raw materials for manufacturing of special coated electrodes designed for steel arc welding (MESTD - 34016)

Abstract

Tantalum is a very popular material for the industry as a whole because of very important characteristics such as: high melting point, significant thermal and electrical conductivity, high toughness and resistance to corrosion and good biocompatibility. Since the tantalum metal is sensitive to O, N and H gases, tantalum coating layers are deposited only using the vacuum plasma spray process (VPS), which has, in the past few years been used successfully for preparing coatings which are widely used in the preparation of metal implants. The aim of this paper was to, at a low pressure inert gas eliminate the influence of the surrounding atmosphere on the melted Ta powder particles and produce coatings with mechanical and structural characteristics which will find application in biomedicine. For depositing the coating a commercial tantalum powder AMPERIT® 151065 grain size of 10 - 30 μm was used. The powder was deposited with a plasma F4 gun at a distance of substrates at 300 mm. The Ta coating layers were deposited with a thickness of 60 to 70 μm on steel substrates. As the plasma gas used was a mixture of Ar and He inert gases. The microhardness of the coating was tested using the HV0.3 method and the tensile strength of the coatings bond was tested by the tensile method in accordance with the ASTM C633-1 standard. The microstructure of the coating in deposited state and after etching was studied on an optical microscope (OM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Etching the coating was carried out in the reagent which consisted of two parts of nitric acid, two parts hydrofluoric acid, and five parts water (2HNO3: 2HF: 5H2O). The structure of the coating consists solely of a tough αTa phase with a body centered cubic lattice. Tests have shown that layers of VPS - Ta coatings have the microstructure and mechanical properties which completely support the use of the coating in the process of making implants.

Keywords

References

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