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Psihijatrija danas
2016, vol. 48, br. 2, str. 191-200
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: istraživački članak
objavljeno: 04/08/2017
Creative Commons License 4.0
Ispitivanje stepena traume i uticaja zlostavljanja i zanemarivanja na dimenzije ličnosti adolescenata
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje + Univerzitet Singidunum, Fakultet za medije i komunikacije - FMK, Beograd
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet + Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje

e-adresa: robertogrujicic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Uvod: Zlostavljanje i zanemarivanje dece i adolescenata ostavlja višestruke i dugotrajne posledice na fizičko i mentalno zdravlje, razvoj i budući život deteta. Od posebne važnosti su posledice koje zlostavljanje i zanemarivanje ostavljaju na ličnost osobe. Cilj rada: Utvrđivanje stepena traume, kao i razlike u crtama ličnosti adolescenata koji su na psihijatrijskom lečenju i istovremeno registrovani u Kabinetu za zaštitu dece od zlostavljanja i zanemarivanja, u odnosu na adolescente koji se psihijatriski leče i nisu zlostavljani, kao i na kontrolnu grupu. Materijal i metode: U studiji su učestvovale tri grupe ispitanika: zlostavljani adolescenti, adolescenti na psihijatrijskom lečenju i kontrolna zdrava grupa. Svi ispitanici su anonimno popunjavali Opšti upitnik sa osnovnim sociodemografskim podacima, Upitnik o traumama iz detinjstva (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire – CTQ) i Upitnik za procenu temperamenta i karaktera adolescenata (Temperament and Character Adolescent Inventory – ATCI - 46). Rezultati: Postoji statistička razlika između grupa, u svim vrstama zlostavljanja: fizičkom, emocionalnom, seksualnom zlostavljanju te fizičkom i emocionalnom zanemarivanju (p<0.001). Adolescenti na psihijatrijskom lečenju imaju značajno niže vrednosti na dimenziji Perzistencije (p<0.01), dok zlostavljana adolescenti imaju niže vrednosti na dimenziji Izbegavanja opasnosti (p<0.05) od druge dve ispitivane grupe. Analizom celokupnog uzorka pokazali smo i negativnu povezanost između zlostavljanja u celini i Self-transcedencije, kao i negativnu povezanost između fizičkog zlostavljanja i Samousmerenosti. Zaključak: Zlostavljanje i zanemarivanje u detinjstvu i adolescenciji predstavljaju značajan uzrok traumatizma, pri čemu mogu dovesti do raznolikog spektra psihopatoloških poremećaja i promena u strukturi ličnosti.

Ključne reči

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