Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: [2]
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:10
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:6
članak: 7 od 16  
Back povratak na rezultate
Psihološka istraživanja
2014, vol. 17, br. 1, str. 35-53
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 15/07/2016
doi: 10.5937/PsIstra1401035D
Beogradski inventar za procenu ličnosti adolescenata kao most između procene ličnosti dece i odraslih
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet političkih nauka
bBelgrade
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje

e-adresa: tamdzam@eunet.rs

Projekat

Temperament i struktura simptoma poremećaja ličnosti (MPNTR - 175013)

Sažetak

S obzirom da postoji nedostatak namenski konstruisanih inventara za procenu i proučavanje ličnosti adolescenata koji su u uzrastu ključnom za završetak kako normalnog, tako i patološkog mentalnog razvoja, u radu je predstavljen novi inventar ličnosti zasnovan na Klonindžerovom Psihobiološkom modelu ličnosti. Beogradski Inventar Ličnosti Adolescenata (BILA) koristi se za procenu adolescenata uzrasta od 14 do 18 godina i trebalo bi da premosti jaz između procene ličnosti kod dece i odraslih. Upitnik obuhvata 46 stavki Likertovog tipa i nastao je na osnovu prethodnih istraživanja u kojima su korišćeni TCI i JTCI na uzorku naših ispitanika. Psihometrijske karakteristike upitnika ispitane su na uzorku od 535 srednjoškolaca iz Srbije, starosti od 15 do 16 godina. Kako bi se utvrdila adekvatnost modela, urađena je konfirmatorna faktorska analiza. U cilju analize polnih razlika korišćena je MANOVA, dok je analiza latentnih klasa primenjena kako bi se utvrdilo da li se mogu izdvojiti specifični profil ličnosti adolescenata iz uzorka iz opšte populacije. Skale upitnika pokazale su zadovoljavajuću internu konzistenciju (.66 - .80), posebno imajući u vidu mali broj stavki (5-6) u svakoj skali. Konfirmatorna faktorska analiza je načelno potvrdila glavne dimenzije temperamenta i karaktera onako kako ih je definisao Klonindžer. Jedini izuzetak je bio u slučaju Potrage za novinama, za koju je podesnije dvofaktorsko rešenje. Potragu za novinama čine Eksplorativna radoznalost i Impulsivnost koie razlikuju 'dobre' (znatiželjan, radoznao, kreativan) i 'loše' (impulsivan, nestrpljiv, haotičan) odlike ove dimenzije. Ovaj polaritet Potrage za novinama mogao bi da bude specifičan za razvoj ličnosti i poremećaja u ponašanju tokom adolescencije. Analizom latentnih klasa utvrđene su razlike između profila ličnosti dobro adaptiranih adolescenata i onih kod kojih postoji rizik za razvoj problema u ponašanju, a koji imaju nizak skor na crtama karaktera, niži stepen Perzistencije i povišenu Impulsivnost. Dobijeni rezultati potvrđuju konstrukt validnost BILA upitnika i što omogućava njegovu praktičnu primenu u proceni ličnosti adolescenata, pružajući doprinos teorijskom razumevanju strukture ličnosti i rizika od psihopatologije u adolescenciji.

Ključne reči

temperament; karakter; adolescencija; razvoj i struktura ličnosti

Reference

Akaike, H. (1987) Factor analysis and AIC. Psychometrika, 52(3): 317-332
Barratt, E.S. (1985) Impulsiveness subtraits: Arousal and information processing. u: Spence J.T., Izard C.E. [ur.] Motivation, Emotion, and Personality, Amsterdam: Elsevier/North-Holland
Barratt, E.S. (1994) Impulsiveness and aggression. u: Monahan J., Steadman H.J. [ur.] Violence and mental disorder, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Bentler, P.M. (1990) Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological bulletin, 107(2): 238-46
Briggs, S.R., Cheek, J.M. (1986) The role of factor analysis in the development and evaluation of personality scales. Journal of Personality, 54(1): 106-148
Brown, T. (2006) Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York: Guilford Press
Browne, M.W., Cudek, R. (1993) Alternate ways of assessing model fit. u: Bollen K.A., Long J.S. [ur.] Testing structural equation models, Newbury Park, CA: Sage
Browne, M.W., MacCallum, R.C., Kim, C., Andersen, B.L., Glaser, R. (2002) When fit indices and residuals are incompatible. Psychological Methods, 7(4): 403-421
Cloninger, C. R. (2008) The psychobiological theory of temperament and character: Comment on Farmer and Goldberg (2008). Psychological Assessment, 20(3): 292-299
Cloninger, C.R., Svrakic, D. (2009) Personality disorders. u: Sadock B.J., Sadock V. [ur.] Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, NY: Williams & Wilkins, 9th ed. 2197-2240
Cloninger, C.R., Przybeck, T.R., Svrakic, D.M., Wetzel, R.D. (1994) Manual of Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI): A guide to its development and use. St. Louis: Washington University
Cloninger, C.R., Svrakic, D.M., Przybeck, T.R. (1993) A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Archives of general psychiatry, 50(12): 975-90
Depue, R.A., Collins, P.F. (1999) Neurobiology of the structure of personality: Dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22(03): 491-569
Dickman, S.J. (1990) Functional and dysfunctional impulsivity: Personality and cognitive correlates. J Pers Soc Psychol, 58(1): 95-102
Dukanac, V., Ignjatović-Džamonja, T., Peruničić, I. (2010) Primena upitnika u proceni socijalne zrelosti adolescenata. u: Ćurčić V., Išpanović Radojković V. [ur.] DEAPS, Zlatibor, Knjiga apstrakata, Beograd: DEAPS
Dukanac, V., Džamonja-Ignjatović, T. (2008) Kros-kulturalna komparacija dece uzrasta 11-13 godina na junior-TCI inventaru temperamenta i karaktera. Psihologija, vol. 41, br. 2, str. 177-194
Dukanac, V., Džamonja-Ignjatović, T., Milanović, M. (2011) Konstrukcija i psihometrijska provera upitnika temperamenta i karakera za adolescente ATCI-80. Engrami - časopis za kliničku psihijatriju, psihologiju i granične discipline, vol. 33, br. 3, str. 5-17
Evenden, J.L. (1999) Varieties of impulsivity. Psychopharmacology, 146(4): 348-61
Fan, X., Sivo, S.A. (2007) Sensitivity of Fit Indices to Model Misspecification and Model Types. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 42(3): 509-529
Flory, J.D., Harvey, P.D., Mitropoulou, V., New, A.S., Silverman, J.M., Siever, L.J., Manuck, S.B. (2006) Dispositional impulsivity in normal and abnormal samples. Journal of psychiatric research, 40(5): 438-47
Heene, M., Hilbert, S., Draxler, C., Ziegler, M., Bühner, M. (2011) Masking misfit in confirmatory factor analysis by increasing unique variances: A cautionary note on the usefulness of cutoff values of fit indices. Psychological Methods, 16(3): 319-336
Hu, L., Bentler, P.M. (1999) Cutoff criteria for fit indices in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural equation modelling, 6, 1-55
Kenny, D.A., McCoach, D. B. (2003) Effect of the Number of Variables on Measures of Fit in Structural Equation Modeling. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 10(3): 333-351
Luby, J.L., Svrakic, D.M., McCallum, K., Przybeck, T.R., Cloninger, C.R. (1999) The Junior Temperament and Character Inventory: preliminary validation of a child self-report measure. Psychological reports, 84(3 Pt 2): 1127-38
Marsh, H.W., Hau, K., Wen, Z. (2004) In Search of Golden Rules: Comment on Hypothesis-Testing Approaches to Setting Cutoff Values for Fit Indexes and Dangers in Overgeneralizing Hu and Bentler's (1999) Findings. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 11(3): 320-341
Moeller, F.G., Barratt, E.S., Dougherty, D.M., Schmitz, J.M., Swann, A.C. (2001) Psychiatric aspects of impulsivity. American journal of psychiatry, 158(11): 1783-93
Monterosso, J., Ainslie, G. (1999) Beyond discounting: possible experimental models of impulse control. Psychopharmacology, 146(4): 339-47
Newman, J.P., Wallace, J.F. (1993) Diverse pathways to deficient self-regulation: Implications for disinhibitory psychopathology in children. Clinical Psychology Review, 13(8): 699-720
Nylund, K.L., Asparouhov, T., Muthén, B.O. (2007) Deciding on the Number of Classes in Latent Class Analysis and Growth Mixture Modeling: A Monte Carlo Simulation Study. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 14(4): 535-569
Saris, W.E., Satorra, A., van der Veld, W.M. (2009) Testing Structural Equation Models or Detection of Misspecifications?. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 16(4): 561-582
Savalei, V. (2008) Is the ML Chi-Square Ever Robust to Nonnormality? A Cautionary Note With Missing Data. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 15(1): 1-22
Steiger, J.H. (1990) Structural model evaluation and modification: An interval estimation approach. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 25(2): 173
Streiner, D.L., Norman, G.R. (2008) Health measurement scales: a practical guide to their development and use. New York: Oxford University Press, 4th ed
Svrakic, D., Cloninger, C.R. (2005) Personality disorders. u: Sadock B.J., Sadock V. [ur.] Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, NY: Williams & Wilkins, 8th ed. 2063-2104
Svrakic, D.M., Draganic, S., Hill, K., Bayon, C., Przybeck, T.R., Cloninger, C.R. (2002) Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issues. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 106(3): 189-195
Svrakic, D.M., Cloninger, R.C. (2010) Epigenetic perspective on behavior development, personality, and personality disorders. Psychiatria Danubina, 22(2): 153-66
Švrakić, N.M., Švrakić, D.M., Cloninger, C. R. (1996) A general quantitative theory of personality development: Fundamentals of a self-organizing psychobiological complex. Development and Psychopathology, 8(01): 247
Tucker, L.R., Lewis, C. (1973) A reliability coefficient for maximum likelihood factor analysis. Psychometrika, 38(1): 1-10
Urgesi, C., Romanò, M., Fornasari, L., Brambilla, P., Fabbro, F. (2012) Investigating the development of temperament and character in school-aged children using a self-report measure. Comprehensive psychiatry, 53(6): 875-83
Yuan, K. (2005) Fit Indices Versus Test Statistics. Multivariate behavioral research, 40(1): 115-48