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Godišnjak Fakulteta sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
2019, br. 24, str. 107-116
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 26/05/2020
doi: 10.5937/gfsfV1924107S
Hormonalni odgovor kortizola tokom treninga
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja + Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

Sažetak

U fizičkoj aktivnosti, odgovor organizma zavisi od interakcije trenažnog stimulusa i adaptivnih sistema, kao što su mišićno-skeletni, kardiorespiratorni i endokrini, dok novija istraživanja sve više povezuju i imuni odgovor, tj. ukazuju na endokrinološki odgovor određenih imunoloških faktora, kao i uticaj koji imunološki odgovor igra na promene u metabolizmu tokom fizičke aktivnosti. Sve ovo dodatno komplikuje stvari ali sa razlogom da se uokviri, ilustruje i objasni slika kompleksnosti funkcionisanja ljudskog sistema. Sa tačke endokrinog sistema, govoreći naravno o važnom homeostatskom sistemu, pogotovo u ulozi odgovora na stres i vežbanje, jedan od hormona koji igra bitnu ulogu je svakako kataboločki hormon kortizol za čiju je sekreciju odgovorna nadbubrežna (adrenalna) žlezda. U ovom radu, na osnovu relevantne literature, fokus će se odnositi na metabolizam kortizola u fiziološkim uslovima, kao i na odgovor ovog hormona na stres prouzrokovan određenim trenažnim stimulusima.

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