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Medicinski pregled
2018, vol. 71, br. 11-12, str. 349-354
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
doi:10.2298/MPNS1812349C


Prevalencija pušenja duvana i elektronskih cigareta među učenicima srednjih škola u Novom Sadu
aUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad + Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina, Center for Analysis, Planning and Organization of Health Care, Novi Sad
bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad + Health Promotion Center, Novi Sad
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za onkologiju

Projekat

This study was part of the project 31 May - World No TobaccoDay, 2017 which was carried out by the Institute of PublicHealth of Vojvodina with financial support of the Secretariatfor Health Care of the City of Novi Sad.

Sažetak

Uvod. Pušenje je vodeći uzrok mortaliteta u svetu koji se može preventirati. Svetska zdravstvena organizacija je procenila da se na svetskom nivou godišnje izgubi više od sedam miliona života usled razvoja bolesti koje su povezane sa pušenjem. Cilj rada bio je da se ispita upotreba duvana i elektronskih cigareta u toku života i u poslednjih 30 dana, kao i dostupnost cigareta među učenicima prvih razreda srednjih škola i gimnazija u Novom Sadu. Materijal i metode. Istraživanje predstavlja studiju preseka sprovedenu na uzorku učenika prvih razreda državnih srednjih škola u Novom Sadu. Analizirani su podaci koji se odnose na ispitanike koji su rođeni 2002. godine, odnosno ukupno 1 067 ispitanika, od toga 480 mladića (45%) i 587 devojaka (55%). Kao instrument istraživanja korišćen je European School Project on Alcohol and other Drugs upitnik. Rezultati. Ukupno 40,1% učenika prvog razreda srednjih škola u Novom Sadu u toku života probali su da puše cigarete, značajno više devojke (p = 0,001). Bez razlike u odnosu na pol, 20% učenika je popušilo bar jednu cigaretu u mesecu koji je prethodio istraživanju. Svaki sedmi učenik (13,9%) probao je da puši cigarete sa 13 godina ili manje, značajno više devojke (p = 0,001). Nešto manje od petine ispitanika (18,4%) u toku života probalo je elektronske cigarete, a u mesecu koji je prethodio istraživanju, svaki dvanaesti ispitanik je koristio elektronske cigarete (8,1%). Zaključak. Praćenje prevalencije korišćenja duvana kod mladih, naročito novih duvanskih proizvoda, ukazuje na potrebu stalnog intenziviranja aktivnosti u oblasti promocije zdravlja a istovremeno i dosledne primene efikasnih mera kontrole duvana.

Ključne reči

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