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Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2017, vol. 64, br. 3, str. 1019-1033
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 27/12/2017
doi: 10.5937/ekoPolj1703019M
Creative Commons License 4.0
Unapređenje otpornosti osiguranja i finansija u kontekstu klimatskih promena
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Fakultet tehničkih nauka
bUniverzitet Singidunum, Beograd
cUniverzitet 'Union - Nikola Tesla', Fakultet za menadžment - FAM, Sremski Karlovci

e-adresa: sme_rada@hotmail.com, coric.g7@gmail.com, dr.danijela.vukosavljevic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Ključni izazov za pojedince, preduzeća i vlade biće izgradnja finansijske otpornosti i osiguranja od klimatskih promena. Ovo postaje važnim pitanjem za finansijski menadžment da kreira finansijsku zaštitu i sredstva osiguranja za upravljanje finansijskim gubicima, smanjujući ekonomski uticaj prirodnih katastrofa i omogućavajući bolji oporavak od njih. U tom smislu ovaj rad daje pregled rezultata terenskog i desk istraživanja klimatskih promena s aspekta finansijskog upravljanja njihovim potencijalnim uticajem na prihode i gubitke. Desk istraživanje bazira na primeru Srbije i njenim iskustvom u poplavama iz 2014. godine. U radu su prikazani i glavni rezultati terenskog istraživanja sprovedenog u Srbiji 2016. godine u 92 proizvodne firme, banke i osiguravajuća društva o upravljanju rizikom prirodnih nepogoda, poplava, požara i zemljotresa, kao sastavnim delom organizacionog rizika. Korišćene su statističke metode deskripcije, X2 testa i lienearne regresije. Rezultati oba istraživanja o upravljanju rizikom poplava su pokazala da: kompanije kalkulišu mali uticaj ovog rizika na njihove prihode, kao i vidljiv ne strateški pristup srpske vlade kroz nedostatak 65% sredstava u pokrivanju gubitaka od ovog rizika. Istraživanje takođe upućuje na nizak nivo svesti o ovom problem 2014. godine na nacionalnom i korporativnom nivou. Doprinos rada se ogleda u podršci razvoju budućih nacionalnih I lokalnih planova za efikasnije smanjenje prekida ekonomskih aktivnosti zbog prirodnih nepogoda i politici uvođenja finansiranja i osiguranja od nepogoda, povećanja kapaciteta tržištao siguranja da apsorbuje ove rizike, kao i podršci unapređenju kulture upravljanja rizikom u ovoj oblasti.

Ključne reči

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