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2019, vol. 34, br. 3-4, str. 145-156
Neki aspekti uticaja pesticida i đubriva na nutritivnu vrednost i druge karakteristike gajenih biljaka
aInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
bUniverzitet 'Union - Nikola Tesla', Fakultet za ekologiju i zaštitu životne sredine - FEZS, Beograd + Institut za opštu i fizičku hemiju, Beograd
cInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd

e-adresabogdannik@mail2world.com
Projekat:
Razrada integrisanog upravljanja i primene savremenih principa suzbijanja štetnih organizama u zaštiti bilja (MPNTR - 31018)
Proučavanje biljnih patogena, artropoda, korova i pesticida u cilju razvoja metoda bioracionalne zaštite bilja i proizvodnje bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 31043)
Ispitivanje i verifikacija metoda za multidisciplinarne forenzičke analize u funkciji neproliferacije oružja za masovno uništenje (MPNTR - 37021)

Ključne reči: pesticidi; đubriva; usevi; prinos; nutritivna vrednost; stres biljke
Sažetak
Analizirali smo različite aspekte primene agrohemikalija (pesticida i folijarnih nestandardnih đubriva) na hranjivu vrednost i ostale karakteristike useva, pored prinosa. Istraživanje je zasnovano na rezultatima našeg i rezultatima ispitivanja drugih istraživača. Analizirani su različiti parametri rasta biljaka i sadnica i njihov prinos, kao i hemijski sastav, a takođe i energetski i termodinamički parametri biljaka, kako bi se bolje procenio uticaj ispitivanih agrohemikalija na useve. Pre svega, utvrđeno je da primena različitih agrohemikalija utiče na klijanje semena koje proizvode tretirane biljke. Najznačajniji i najraznolikiji rezultati dobijeni su analizom prinosa i komponenata prinosa mnogih različitih kultura (useva, voća, povrća), kao i njihovog hemijskog sastava (mineralnih elemenata, različitih šećera, sekundarnih metabolita, itd.) u smislu poboljšanja nutritivnog kvaliteta. Takođe je utvrđeno da u biljkama kukuruza dolazi do promene sadržaja različitih elemenata, zatim polifenolnih profila, kao i termodinamičkih parametara, pri čemu taj efekat ne zavisi samo od doziranja agrohemikalija, već i od genotipa kukuruza. Takođe smo otkrili da agrohemikalije utiču na energetske i termodinamičke parametre pojedinih biljaka kukuruza, kao i na parametre rasta i prinosa biljke. Primećeno je da ove agrohemikalije izuzetno utiču na sadržaj mikroelemenata, skroba i sirovih proteina u kukuruzu i ječmu, šećera i polifenola u raznim voćkama, kao i u soji, pri čemu napominjemo da su u nekim agroekološkim situacijama ove agrohemikalije dovele do spektakularnih uvećanja prinosa različitih kultura, ali bilo je i situacija kada nisu imale pozitivnog efekta na prinos, o čemu će biti reči, takođe u kontekstu rezultata drugih istraživača.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1904145N
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 08.05.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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