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Medicinski pregled
2019, vol. 72, iss. 9-10, pp. 272-279
article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 04/06/2020
doi: 10.2298/MPNS1910272S
Effects of different types of training on weight loss
aUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology
bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Child and Youth Health Care of Vojvodina
cUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine



Introduction. The difference between 24-hour daily energy intake and total daily energy expenditure determines whether we lose or gain weight. The resting metabolic rate is the major component of daily energy expenditure, which depends on many different factors, but also on the level of physical activity. The aim of the study was to determine anthropometric and metabolic parameters of athletes engaged in different types of training, to compare obtained results and to examine whether there are statistically significant differences among them. Material and Methods. The study included a total of 42 young male athletes divided into two groups. The first group included 21 athletes who were predominantly engaged in aerobic type of training, and the other group of 21 athletes in anaerobic type of training. Anthropometric measurements were taken and resting metabolic rate was assessed using the indirect calorimetry method. The results were statistically analyzed and the differences in parameters between the two groups were compared. Results. Statistically significant differences were established in total body mass, amount of fat-free mass and muscle mass, body mass index, as well as in the relative metabolic indices between two groups of subjects. Conclusion. The percentage of fat-free body mass has the greatest impact on the resting metabolic rate. The rate of metabolic activity of this body compartment is higher in athletes engaged in aerobic than in athletes engaged in anaerobic type of training.



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