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Godišnjak Fakulteta sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
2019, iss. 24, pp. 81-92
article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
published on: 26/05/2020
doi: 10.5937/gfsfV1924081R
Oxidative stress during aerobic and anaerobic physical activity
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Sports and Physical Education
bUniversity of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research 'Siniša Stanković'

Abstract

Physical activity is a process followed by various physiological and biochemical changes, such as increased metabolic activity, oxygen and energy consumption. All these changes can result with increased free radical production and oxidative stress. Oxidative stress affects cellular homeostasis and lead to oxidative damage of structural biomolecules (lipids, proteins and DNA), which can further result with muscle damage, pain, fatigue and decrease in overall achievement. The aim of this review is to summarize some knowledge about: process of free radical production during different types of physical activities (aerobic and anaerobic); oxidative stress and oxidative damage; different types of supplementation in order to enhance anti-oxidative system and lower oxidative stress during physical activity.

Keywords

References

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