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Medicinski podmladak
2018, vol. 69, br. 4, str. 6-11
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/mp69-18103
Creative Commons License 4.0
Uticaj vežbanja uz primenu otpora na autonomni nervni sistem i spavanje
aUniversity of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
bUniversity of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia + University Hospital Center Zagreb, Department of Neurology, Referral Center for Autonomic Nervous System Disorders, Zagreb, Croatia

e-adresa: mhabek@mef.hr

Sažetak

Fizička aktivnost utiče na naše telo iz različitih aspekata, uključujući autonomnu regulaciju kardiovaskularnog sistema i termoregulacije, promene metabolizma, sekrecije hormona i posledično promene mentalnog stanja. Akutni efekat fizičke aktivnosti je povećana simpatička aktivnost koja vodi u stanje poznato kao ,,bori se ili beži' koje obuhvata tahikardiju, tahipneu, povišenje krvnog pritiska, dilataciju zenica i povećanu pažnju. Parasimpatička aktivnost je povišena između treninga, u stanju mirovanja i njegov efekat se često naziva ,,odmori se i vari' stanje. Uključuje pojačanu salivaciju, pad srčanog ritma, bronhokonstrikciju, miorelaksaciju i suženje zenica. Postoje drugi faktori odgovorni za uticaj fizičke aktivnosti na naše tielo. Dobra osećanja i bolja memorija nakon fizičke aktivnosti su uzrokovani sekrecijom raznih jedinjenja kao npr. BDNF, dopamina i endorfina, kao i protokom krvi, što je dovelo do upotrebe fizičke aktivnosti kao terapijske mere, ali i kao posrednika zavisnosti. Fizička aktivnosti utiče na promene u spavanju direktno kroz nervni sistem i indirektno kroz metabolizam i uticaj hormona. Postoje različiti načini, aerobni i uz primenu otpora, i učestalost praktikovanja fizičke aktivnosti, koja se može koristiti kao terapija mnogih poremećaja i stanja. U ovom članku ćemo diskutovati višestruke prednosti koje vežbe uz primenu otpora imaju na funkciju autonomnog nervnog sistema i na spavanje.

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