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Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2011, vol. 48, br. 1, str. 183-188
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/ratpov1101183K


Uticaj združene setve stočnog graška i jarih strnih žita na prinos zrna i sadržaj sirovih proteina
Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Institute of Agriculture, Kedainiai, Lithuania

e-adresa: zkadziul@lzi.lt

Sažetak

Prednost združenih useva je u povoljnim biološkim odnosima između useva i njihovog različitog iskorišćenja raspoloživih resursa za rast. Ovaj eksperiment je imao za cilj da istraži uticaj stočnog graška kao združenog useva sa žitaricama na poboljšanje dostupnosti azota žitaricama i sadržaja proteina u zrnu na ilovastom zemljištu u uslovima organske poljoprivrede. Eksperiment je izveden u periodu 2007-2009. u Poljoprivrednom institutu Litvanije u gradu Dotnuva (55°24'N, 23°50 E). Grašak (Pisum sativum L) i jara pšenica (Triticum aestivum L), jari ječam (Hordeum vulgare L), ovas (Avena sativa L) i tritikale (x Triticosecale Wittm) bili su posejani kao združeni usevi 50:50 ili kao čisti usevi. Dobijeni trogodišnji rezultati pokazuju da su produktivnost i kvalitet jarih strnih žita kao čisti ili kao združeni usev zavisili od vrste žita i varirali su u zavisnosti od agrotehničkih uslova u različitim godinama. Produktivnost zrna u nekim slučajevima je procenjena kao viša u združenom usevu, međutim nije bila stabilna u tri godine eksperimenta. Kao združeni usev, grašak je imao pozitivan uticaj na koncentraciju i sadržaj proteina u zrnu žita.

Ključne reči

grašak; jara strna žita; prinos; proteini; združeni usevi

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