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Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta, Novi Sad
2017, vol. 51, br. 4, str. 1177-1206
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/zrpfns51-15359

Creative Commons License 4.0
Sredstva tumačenja međunarodnih ugovora i determinante njihovog značaja
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Pravni fakultet

e-adresa: R.Etinski@pf.uns.ac.rs

Projekat

Project of Faculty of Law of the Novi Sad University: Legal tradition and new legal challenges

Sažetak

Istraživanje prakse tumačenja različitih međunarodnih sudova pokazuje da postoji izvesna korelacija između prirode i drugih karakteristika pojedinih ugovora i korišćenih sredstava tumačenja, koja je izražena u činjenici da su neka sredstva tumačenja korišćena mnogo češće nego druga i da je nekima pridavana veća težina nego drugim. Češće korišćena sredstva i sredstva kojima je pridavan veći značaj u tumačenju nekog posebnog ugovora ili nekih ugovora iste vrste bi mogla da se nazovu 'modelom tumačenja'. Model tumačenja konstitutivnih akata međunarodnih organizacija daje prioritet širokom tekstualnom kontekstu, predmetu i cilju ugovora kao i praksi primene ugovora. Ili, model tumačenja Evropske konvencije o ljudskim pravima širi granice izvora informacija relevantnih za tumačenje i daje prioritet izrazima savremenog razumevanja teksta Konvencije. Model tumačenja investicionih ugovora u prvi plan stavlja pripisivanje običnog značenja terminima, kontekst, prethodne arbitražne odluke i doktrinu. Izbor sredstava tumačenja i određivanje njihove važnosti može da bude delimično određeno karakteristikama i prirodom pitanja na koje tumačenje treba da da odgovor. Naravno, i same karakteristike sredstava tumačenja su relevantne za izbor i značaj sredstava u konkretnom slučaju. Model tumačenja u kombinaciji sa prirodom postavljenog pitanja bi mogao da rezultira u određenim očekivanju u pogledu izbora sredstava tumačenja i njihovog vrednovanja. Ukoliko bi sud odstupio od takvih očekivanja, koja su zasnovana na njegovor ranijoj praksi, sud bi trebao da opravda to odstupanje navođenjem ubedljivih razloga.

Ključne reči

međunarodni ugovori; sredstva tumačenja; značaj

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