Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: [1]
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:8
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:5
članak: 2 od 6  
Back povratak na rezultate
Nasleđe
2012, br. 13, str. 127-151
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
Muzej vazduhoplovstva u Beogradu
Zavod za zaštitu spomenika kulture grada Beograda, Beograd

e-adresa: biljana.misic@beogradskonasledje.rs

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
The Museum of Aviation in Belgrade was constructed in 1969-89 after a design by the architect Ivan Štraus, with the assistance of Belgrade civil engineers. The beginnings of the Museum date back to 1957 when the Department for the History and Museum of Yugoslav Aviation was established within the Yugoslav Air Force Command. In late 1968, after a few location changes, such as the Air Force Command building in Zemun and the Officers Club in the old Belgrade airport compound beneath Bežanijska Kosa, it was decided that a new purpose-built facility should be constructed within the Belgrade airport complex (today’s Nikola Tesla Airport). An anonymous Yugoslav-wide concept design competition was launched on 10 June 1969. The winning design was submitted by the Sarajevo architect Ivan Štraus, one of the leading figures of Yugoslav post-WWII architecture. Twenty years intervened between the 1969 competition-winning design and its final realization. The Museum opened its doors to the public on 21 May 1989. Its protracted construction, as a result of structural issues, construction materials selection and funding difficulties, highlighted the creative potential of the architecture of the Museum, to which the Borba Award for the best architectural work in 1989 also contributed. Once operational, the Museum became one of the leading museums in the country, remaining till this day the only of the type in the region and ranking among the world’s ten most important in terms of the significance and value of its collection. The Museum is a free-standing structure arranged on a circular plan, with a basement, ground-floor, mezzanine, upper floor and gallery. The division into the administrative-technical and exhibition sections results in two functionally and formally separate spaces. The lower portion of the building, a sort of pedestal, houses core museum functions, while the display space is designed on a monumental and prestigious scale. Through the consistent arrangement of contents and the recognisability of uses, the separation between main and support museum functions makes the structure outstandingly legible. The architecture of the Museum of Aviation reflects various aesthetic, artistic and cultural influences, as well as the social and economic situation marking the 1970s and 1980s. Given the distinctiveness and quality of the architectural design, the complexities of construction and the number of innovative structural engineering solutions, the building may be seen as a combination of the initial museological concept of the director Čedomir Janić, the original creation of the architect Štraus and the ingenuity of Belgrade structural engineers. The building’s remarkable architectural design, unique form, functionality and blending into the immediate natural surroundings make it an anthological piece of domestic post-WWII architecture. Greatly contributing to the building’s formal integrity is its toroidal shape and its transparent glass shell which interacts with the dynamic of both the natural and airport environments, making them an integral part of the museum display. At the same time, the powerfully symbolic structure lent a distinctive flavor to the freshly-built urban matrix of the airport compound, becoming one of the most readily recognizable landmarks of modern Belgrade. Based on all values described above, the Cultural Heritage Protection Institute of Belgrade has in 2011 initiated the heritage property designation procedure for the Museum of Aviation.

Reference

*** (1974) Arhitekt Ivan Štraus 1952/1972. Sarajevo
*** (1972) II nagrada na jugoslovenskom konkursu za Muzej vazduhoplovstva na Surčinu. Arh. Sarajevo, br. 13/14, 60-61
*** (1970) Odluka ocenjivačkog suda natječaja za zgradu Vazduhoplovnog muzeja u Beogradu. Čovjek i prostor, Zagreb, 10, 8
*** (1938) Pretsednik vlade g. dr. Milan Stojadinović posetio je Sajmište uoči otvaranja vazduhoplovne izložbe. Politika, 28.5. 5
*** (1969) Zadatak za izradu idejnog projekta zgrade Muzeja jugoslovenskog vazduhoplovstva. Beograd
*** (1938) Dva dana Duhova su ujedno i poslednji dani međunarodne vazduhoplovne izložbe. Politika, 12.6. 6
Antić, I. (1987) Govor na otvaranju izložbe Ivan Štraus u Galeriji SANU. Beograd
Blagojević, L. (2007) Novi Beograd - osporeni modernizam. Beograd: Zavod za udžbenike
Bogunović, S. (2005) Arhitektonska enciklopedija Beograda XIX i XX veka - arhitektura, arhitekti, pojmovi. Beograd: Beogradska knjiga
Demirović, E. (1990) Simbol svjetskih metropola. Borba, 31.1
Grupa, autora (1987) Priča o Jugoslovenskom aerotransportu. Kranj, 11-13
Horvat-Pintarić, V. (1970) Vjenceslav Richter. Zagreb: Grafički zavod Hrvatske
Janić, Č. (1998) Četiri decenije Muzeja vazduhoplovstva. Let, Beograd, br. 1, 7
Janić, Č. (1969) Načelna tematska struktura Muzeja Jugoslovenskog vazduhoplovstva. Beograd
Jevtić, M. (1990) Lovor Štrausu. Ekspres politika, 6.3
Jovanović, Z.M. (1991) Aleksandar Deroko. Beograd: Republički zavod za zaštitu spomenika kulture
Krsmanović, D., Kurtović, I. (1951) Vazdušno pristanište u Beogradu. Urbanizam i arhitektura, Zagreb, 1-4, 114-117
Manević, Z. (1981) Srpska arhitektura u osmoj deceniji. Arhitektura, Zagreb, 176+7, 28
Marić, V.A. (1990) Igra esnafskog delije - esencijalna arhitektura Ivana Štrausa. Borba, 24.2
Nedžad, K. (1986) Ivan Štraus. Odjek, Sarajevo, br. 23
Payne, S.R. (1999) A history of the Rockcliffe airport site: Home of the national aviation museum, Ottawa. Ottawa, Canada
Radović, R. (1990) Svetionik ostavljenog neimarstva. Borba, 20.2
Ristić, S. (1986) Muzeji kao preokupacija jednog arhitekta. Čovjek i prostor, Zagreb, 396, 20-21
Stojanović, B. (1970) Muzej vazduhoplovstva u Beogradu. AU, Beograd, br. 59, 58-59
Št. V. (1990) Putovanje kroz vrijeme i prostor. Oslobođenje, 21.2
Štarus, I. (1986) Ivan Štraus - arhitektura. Sarajevo: Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine
Tucić, H. (2008) Delo arhitekte Vojina Simeonovića između dva svetska rata. Nasleđe, br. 9, str. 155-178
Vinterhalter, J. (1990) Beogradska muzejska situacija. Informatica museologica, (3-4): 5-11
Vuković, V. (1990) Pobednik Muzej vazduhoplovstva. Borba, 20.2
Vuković, V. (1990) Trijumf umetničke kreacije. Borba, 20.2
Žutić, N., Bošković, L. (1999) IKARUS - IKARBUS - 1923-1998. Beograd: IKARBUS