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Medicinski pregled
2011, vol. 64, iss. 7-8, pp. 403-407
article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
The incidence and risk factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients with severe traumatic brain injury
aClinical Centre
bUniveristy of Niš, Faculty of Medicine



Introduction. Patients with severe traumatic brain injury are at a risk of developing ventilator-associated pneumonia. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence, etiology, risk factors for development of ventilator- associated pneumonia and outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Material and Methods. A retrospective study was done in 72 patients with severe traumatic brain injury, who required mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours. Results. Ventilator-associated pneumonia was found in 31 of 72 (43.06%) patients with severe traumatic brain injury. The risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia were: prolonged mechanical ventilation (12.42 vs 4.34 days, p<0.001), longer stay at intensive care unit (17 vs 5 days, p<0.001) and chest injury (51.61 vs 19.51%, p< 0.009) compared to patients without ventilator-associated pneumonia.. The mortality rate in the patients with ventilator- associated pneumonia was higher (38.71 vs 21.95%, p= 0.12). Conclusion. The development of ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients with severe traumatic brain injury led to the increased morbidity due to the prolonged mechanical ventilation, longer stay at intensive care unit and chest injury, but had no effect on mortality.



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