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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2011, vol. 10, br. 4, str. 615-631
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak

Pojam i karakteristike internet-zavisnosti
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: marina.lepojevic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Sredinom devedesetih godina 20. veka dolazi do uvođenja pojma internet-zavisnosti koji je prvobitno dat od strane američke autorke Kimberli Jang (Kimberly Young). Međutim, do prepoznavanja ponašanja koje danas nazivamo internet-zavisnošću uz pojavu nekoliko različitih gledišta autora na mehanizme njenog nastanka i održavanja, dolazi već nekoliko decenija ranije. Pojava internet-zavisnosti je bila opisivana putem različitih pojmova poput opsesivno-kompulsivnog poremećaja, problematične, patološke upotrebe interneta i slično. Naučna i stručna javnost je i danas podeljena u vezi sa priznavanjem pojma internet-zavisnosti i njegovim razgraničenjem u odnosu na druge, usko srodne pojave poput zloupotrebe interneta, prekomerne upotrebe interneta i drugo. Cilj ovog rada je da se na osnovu pregleda i analize dostupne literature sagledaju aktuelne terminološke, pojmovne i dijagnostičke protivrečnosti koje prate proučavanje pojave internet-zavisnosti. Posebno, biće predstavljena jedna od najpopularnijih tipologija internetzavisnosti autorke Kimberli Jang koja je za ovu priliku prilagođena, imajući u vidu kasnija zapažanja i empirijske podatke drugih istraživača. Izdvajaju se pojedinačni tipovi internet-zavisnosti - zavisnost od sajber seksa; zavisnost od socijalnog umrežavanja; zavisnost od onlajn kockanja, kupovine i igranja igrica; prezasićenost informacijama i zavisnost od informaciono-komunikacionih tehnologija (komjutera i mobilnih telefona). Na kraju, a na osnovu rezultata relevantnih istraživanja internet-zavisnosti izneće se podaci o zastupljenosti i karakteristikama internet-zavisnosti i profilu internet-zavisnika u svetu i kod nas.

Ključne reči

Reference

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