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Psihologija
1999, vol. 32, br. 1-2, str. 65-82
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan

Objektni odnosi u teoriji Melani Klajn i savremenoj klajnijanskoj misli
Afilijacija nije data

Sažetak

Psihoanalitički pristup Melani Klajn i njenih sledbenika doveo je do otkrića koja su dugo vremena izazivala značajne polemike. Obrazložili smo da stavljanje objektnih odnosa u sam centar teorijskog i praktičnog proučavanja predstavlja suštinski metapsihološki pomak, unutar psihoanalize, u shvatanju motivacije, strukture i razvoja ličnosti. On je rezultirao, između ostalog, pojašnjenjem uloge značajnih razvojnih repera kao što su odustajanje od omnipotentne kontrole, prihvatanje neizbežnosti vlastite destruktivnosti i realnosti ambivalencije u postizanju integracije doživljaja selfa i objekta, stabilnijem osećanju identiteta, krivici i brizi o drugima. Objektni odnosi su još istaknutiji u radu Biona, nastavljača Klajnove, i tiču se neophodnog posredovanja majčinih složenih kognitivnih i emocionalnih kapaciteta u optimalnom razvoju deteta. Ipak, preostaju kritike koje se tiču neopravdanog mešanja biološkog referentnog okvira sa psihološkim, nepreciznosti u korišćenju strukturalnih termina i neadekvatnog smeštanja u prvu godinu života različitih složenih emocionalnih i kognitivnih postignuća.

Ključne reči

klajnijanska škola; objektni odnosi; unutrašnji objekti; fantazija

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