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2005, vol. 58, iss. 3-4, pp. 136-141
Epidemiological characteristics of salmoneilosis in Vojvodina
Institut za zaštitu zdravlja, Sektor za epidemiologiju, Novi Sad
Keywords: salmonella infections + epidemiology + etiology + mortality; epidemiologic studies; incidence; food poisoning; disease outbreaks
Abstract
Introduction Salmonella infections are the most common food-born diseases transmitted from animals to humans. Epidemics of salmonellosis occur after eating improperly cooked contaminated foods. Material and methods A descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze epidemiological characteristics of salmonellosis in Vojvodina in the period 1978-2003. Results During this period there were 26 851 cases of salmonellosis (mean annual incidence of 51.1/100 000 and mean annual mortality of 0.9/100 000). Mean annual case fatality ratio during this period was 0.1%. The specific incidence was highest in 12-24 month-old children (251/100 000), and lowest in the oldest age group (13.9/100 000). Lethality was highest in children younger than 1 year, and persons older than 50 years (84%). The number of cases registered in food-born epidemics makes 41.7% of all registered cases. A mayority of 772 registered epidemics were small epidemics among families, relatives and friends. The great epidemics with large number of infected persons were due to an industrial bakery with 1713 ill persons and a public restaurant with 311 ill persons during the 80 's. An epidemic was due to sandwiches from an industrial bakery distributed through the whole territory of Vojvodina with the highest incidence of salmonellosis in 1987 (137.7/100 000). The most common serotype was S. enteritidis (69.7%), but 68 more serotypes were isolated. The most common cause of epidemics were eggs and egg products (76.2%). Salmonella spp. was isolated from food in small number of epidemics (less than 20%), because epidemics were discovered usually 2 or 3 days after their beginning.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2298/MPNS0504136P
published in SCIndeks: 02/06/2007

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