Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: [3]
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:17
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:7
članak: 4 od 7  
Back povratak na rezultate
Psihologija
2007, vol. 40, br. 2, str. 173-190
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljeno: 03/12/2007
doi: 10.2298/PSI0702173P
Logički i epistemološki pristup kritičkom mišljenju
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Institut za psihologiju

e-adresa: kostamat@eunet.yu

Projekat

Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 149018: Psihološki problemi u kontekstu društvenih promena

Sažetak

U radu se prikazuju i analiziraju dva osnovna pristupa u konceptualizaciji kritičkog mišljenja: logički i epistemološki. U prikazu logičkog pristupa najpre je određen opšti referentni okvir od koga se u njemu polazi (odnos kritičkog mišljenja i neformalne logike), a potom su analizirane sposobnosti i veštine koje se vide kao bazični konstituenti kritičkog mišljenja. U prikazu epistemološkog pristupa analiziraju se četiri koncepcije koje predstavljaju glavne pravce kritike logičkog pristupa, odnosno šireg određivanja kritičkog mišljenja koje uključuje osobeno shvatanje prirode i razvoja znanja, nekognitivne dispozicije i ulogu predmetno specifičnog znanja. U završnom delu rada razmatra se odnos logičkog i epistemološkog pristupa. Iznosi se i obrazlaže stanovište po kome je reč o komplementarnim pristupima i razmatra se specifičan doprinos svakog od njih celovitom određenju kritičkog mišljenja.

Ključne reči

kritičko mišljenje; logičko rasuđivanje; epistemologija kritičkog mišljenja

Reference

Bowell, T., Kemp, G. (2002) Critical thinking: A concise guide. London: Routledge
Ennis, H.R. (1987) A taxonomy of critical thinking dispositions and abilities. u: Baron J., R. Sternberg [ur.] Teaching Thinking, San Francisco, CA, itd: W.H. Freeman Publishing
Ennis, R.H. (1992) The degree to which critical thinking is subject specific: Clarification and needed research. u: Norris S.P. [ur.] The generalizability of critical thinking, New York: Teachers College Press, str. 21-37
Ennis, R.H. (1996) Critical thinking. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, itd: Prentice Hall
Ennis, R.H. (2002) An outline of goals for a critical thinking curriculum and its assessment. Preuzeto maja, 2003.: http://faculty.ed.iuc.edu/rhennis
Facione, P.A. (1990) Critical thinking: A statement of expert consenzus for purposes of educational assesment and instruction. Millbrae, CA: California Academic Press
Fisher, R. (1995) Teaching children to think. Cheltenbam, UK: Stanley Thornes
Johnson, R. (1992) The problem of defining critical thinking. u: Norris U.S.P. [ur.] The generalizability of critical thinking, New York: Teachers College Press, str. 38-53
King, P.M., Strohm, K.K. (1994) Developing reflective judgment: Understanding and promoting intellectual growth and critical thinking in adolescents and adults. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers
Mcpeck, J.E. (1981) Critical thinking and education. New York: St. Martin's Press
Mcpeck, J.E. (1986) Response to H. Siegel. u: Nyberg D. [ur.] Philosophy of education 1985: Proceedings of the forty-first annual meeting of the Philosophy of education society, Illinois: Normal, Philosophy of Education Society, str. 73-77
Norris, S.P. (1992) Introduction: The generalizability question. u: Norris S.P. [ur.] The generalizability of critical thinking, New York: Teachers College Press, str. 1-15
Paul, R. (1982) Teaching critical thinking in the 'strong sense': A focus on self-deception, world views and dialectical mode of analysis. Informal Logic Newsletter, Vol. 5, 2, 2-7
Paul, R. (1993) Critical thinking: What every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world. Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation Critical Thinking
Paul, R., Elder, L. (2001) Critical thinking: Tools for taking charge of your learning and your life. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Paul, R., Binker, A.J., Jensen, K., Kreklau, H. (1990) Critical thinking skills. Preuzeto maja, 2003., http://www.criticalthinking.org
Pešić, J. (2006) Jedno shvatanje kritičkog mišljenja i njegova primena u konstrukciji udžbenika. Beograd: Filozofski fakultet, doktorska disertacija
Resnick, L.B. (1987) Education and learning to think. Washington: National Academy press
Shand, J. (2000) Arguing well. London: Routledge
Siegel, H. (1988) Educating reason: Rationality, critical thinking and education. London-New York, itd: Routledge
Siegel, H. (1992) The generalizability of critical thinking skills, dispositions, and epistemology. u: Norris S.P. [ur.] The generalizability of critical thinking, New York: Teachers College Press, str. 97-108
Swartz, R.J. (1987) Teaching for thinking: A developmental model for the infusion of thinking skills into mainstream instruction. u: Baron J.B., R.J.Sternberg [ur.] Teaching thinking skills: Theory and practice, New York: W. H. Freeman, str. 106-126