Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: [3]
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:14
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:9
article: 5 from 7  
Back back to result list
2007, vol. 40, iss. 2, pp. 173-190
article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published on: 03/12/2007
doi: 10.2298/PSI0702173P
Logical and epistemological approach to critical thinking
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of Psychology

e-mail: kostamat@eunet.yu


Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 149018: Psihološki problemi u kontekstu društvenih promena


Two main approaches in the conceptualization of critical thinking, logical and epistemological, are presented and analyzed in this paper. The review of logical approach begins with defining its general framework (relationship between critical thinking and informal logic) and afterwards we analyze abilities and skills which are seen as basic constituents of critical thinking. In the review of epistemological approach we analyze four conceptions that present the main directions in criticizing logical approach, and also in developing the broader perspective on critical thinking that includes specific view of knowledge and its development, noncognitive dispositions and the role of subject based knowledge. At the end, we discuss the relationship between logical and epistemological approach. We claim and justify that they should be understood as complementary approaches, and we consider specific contribution of each approach to comprehensive definition of critical thinking.


critical thinking; logical reasoning; epistemology of critical thinking


Bowell, T., Kemp, G. (2002) Critical thinking: A concise guide. London: Routledge
Ennis, H.R. (1987) A taxonomy of critical thinking dispositions and abilities. in: Baron J., R. Sternberg [ed.] Teaching Thinking, San Francisco, CA, itd: W.H. Freeman Publishing
Ennis, R.H. (1992) The degree to which critical thinking is subject specific: Clarification and needed research. in: Norris S.P. [ed.] The generalizability of critical thinking, New York: Teachers College Press, str. 21-37
Ennis, R.H. (1996) Critical thinking. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, itd: Prentice Hall
Ennis, R.H. (2002) An outline of goals for a critical thinking curriculum and its assessment. Preuzeto maja, 2003.:
Facione, P.A. (1990) Critical thinking: A statement of expert consenzus for purposes of educational assesment and instruction. Millbrae, CA: California Academic Press
Fisher, R. (1995) Teaching children to think. Cheltenbam, UK: Stanley Thornes
Johnson, R. (1992) The problem of defining critical thinking. in: Norris U.S.P. [ed.] The generalizability of critical thinking, New York: Teachers College Press, str. 38-53
King, P.M., Strohm, K.K. (1994) Developing reflective judgment: Understanding and promoting intellectual growth and critical thinking in adolescents and adults. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers
Mcpeck, J.E. (1981) Critical thinking and education. New York: St. Martin's Press
Mcpeck, J.E. (1986) Response to H. Siegel. in: Nyberg D. [ed.] Philosophy of education 1985: Proceedings of the forty-first annual meeting of the Philosophy of education society, Illinois: Normal, Philosophy of Education Society, str. 73-77
Norris, S.P. (1992) Introduction: The generalizability question. in: Norris S.P. [ed.] The generalizability of critical thinking, New York: Teachers College Press, str. 1-15
Paul, R. (1982) Teaching critical thinking in the 'strong sense': A focus on self-deception, world views and dialectical mode of analysis. Informal Logic Newsletter, Vol. 5, 2, 2-7
Paul, R. (1993) Critical thinking: What every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world. Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation Critical Thinking
Paul, R., Elder, L. (2001) Critical thinking: Tools for taking charge of your learning and your life. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Paul, R., Binker, A.J., Jensen, K., Kreklau, H. (1990) Critical thinking skills. Preuzeto maja, 2003.,
Pešić, J. (2006) Jedno shvatanje kritičkog mišljenja i njegova primena u konstrukciji udžbenika. Beograd: Filozofski fakultet, doktorska disertacija
Resnick, L.B. (1987) Education and learning to think. Washington: National Academy press
Shand, J. (2000) Arguing well. London: Routledge
Siegel, H. (1988) Educating reason: Rationality, critical thinking and education. London-New York, itd: Routledge
Siegel, H. (1992) The generalizability of critical thinking skills, dispositions, and epistemology. in: Norris S.P. [ed.] The generalizability of critical thinking, New York: Teachers College Press, str. 97-108
Swartz, R.J. (1987) Teaching for thinking: A developmental model for the infusion of thinking skills into mainstream instruction. in: Baron J.B., R.J.Sternberg [ed.] Teaching thinking skills: Theory and practice, New York: W. H. Freeman, str. 106-126