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Psihologija
2007, vol. 40, iss. 2, pp. 173-190
article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published on: 03/12/2007
doi: 10.2298/PSI0702173P
Logical and epistemological approach to critical thinking
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of Psychology

e-mail: kostamat@eunet.yu

Project

Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 149018: Psihološki problemi u kontekstu društvenih promena

Abstract

Two main approaches in the conceptualization of critical thinking, logical and epistemological, are presented and analyzed in this paper. The review of logical approach begins with defining its general framework (relationship between critical thinking and informal logic) and afterwards we analyze abilities and skills which are seen as basic constituents of critical thinking. In the review of epistemological approach we analyze four conceptions that present the main directions in criticizing logical approach, and also in developing the broader perspective on critical thinking that includes specific view of knowledge and its development, noncognitive dispositions and the role of subject based knowledge. At the end, we discuss the relationship between logical and epistemological approach. We claim and justify that they should be understood as complementary approaches, and we consider specific contribution of each approach to comprehensive definition of critical thinking.

Keywords

critical thinking; logical reasoning; epistemology of critical thinking

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