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Acta medica Medianae
2008, vol. 47, br. 1, str. 22-26
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 07/07/2008
Efekti trenažnog programa pripremnog perioda na mišićnu snagu vrhunskih džudista
Univerzitet u Nišu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresa: bratic_milovan@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Povećani zahtevi koji karakterišu moderni džudo i analiza brojnih noviteta u području periodizacije imaju za cilj da se, variranjem različitih metodičkih parametara treninga i karakterističnim situacionim treningom džudoa, omogući bolji trenažni efekat i prevaziđe dosadašnji empirijski i stihijski rad trenera. Trening snage je oblik fizičke aktivnosti koji se koristi za povećanje sposobnosti savladavanja ili opiranja sili. Povećanje mišićne snage rezultuje povećanom uspešnošću u izvođenju određenih motoričkih zadataka. U sprovedenom istraživanju, procena mišićne snage i mišićne izdržljivosti 20 mladih, visoko selekcionisanih džudista vršena je kombinacijom laboratorijskih (Vingejt anaerobni test) i terenskih testova (izvođenje funkcionalnih pokreta). Testiranja su vršena na početku pripremnog perioda i nakon 10 nedelja, na kraju pripremnog perioda. Prikazani rezultati pokazuju statistički značajno veće vrednosti ispoljene mišićne snage u većini korišćenih testova. Nema statistički značajnih razlika u mišićnoj izdržljivosti, ni na jednom od primenjenih testova. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata može se zaključiti da pravilna periodizacija treninga snage, kao dela trenažnog programa pripremnog perioda, omogućava adekvatnu funkcionalnu adaptaciju džudista, što rezultuje povećanjem mišićne snage uz nepromenjenu mišićnu izdržljivost.

Ključne reči

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