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Sociologija
1993, vol. 35, br. 4, str. 517-531
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan

Rat i razvoj
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
After having critically assessed the historical biological reductionism of the 'social Darwinist' research paradigm, as well as the static political reductionism of the 'real state politics' paradigm, the author starts from the dialectical historical materialist perspective, formulating the hypothesis that war represents the ultimate repressive instrument for a momentary solution of accumulated social contradictions. Its function is either to maintain and extend the validity of old class relations of production and ownership, or to create social and institutional conditions for new ones. The author questions the common-sense assumption that development and war are irreconcilably opposed antipodes. Analyzing social interests and rationality of the dominant type of social relations on the world scale, the author shows that, in that frame, it is possible for war to be not only compatible with development in a specific sense (such as economic growth) but even to be its condition, when the crisis of the accumulation of capital sets in. The author presents the hypothesis that the terrible war destruction in multiethnic regions and in former real- socialist systems is connected with the geographical and ethnic concentration of particular economic activities and the reorientation of some new local leaderships from the strategy of accelerated late industrialization through intense state intervention to the strategy of free market regulation of enlarged reproduction, in the circumstances of acute economic, social, political and moral crisis, internal and external. Finally, the author analyzes the present complex socio-historical context of the hierarchical world system of intra- and inter-state restructuring, characterized by the violent clash between the opposing tendencies of local ethnic and nation-state self-determination, on the one hand, and regional and trans-national hegemonic integration, on the other, urging for an intense study of the Yugoslav case. She concludes that a possible World War III could not bring a violent resolution of conflicting political and social interests, since such a war would mean the annihilation of the humanity by nuclear weapons. The necessary precondition for stable peace and real human development is the eradication of poverty and repression in the world society.

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