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Inovacije u nastavi - časopis za savremenu nastavu
2011, vol. 24, br. 3, str. 19-29
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 27/12/2011
Alternativni pristupi obrazovanju odraslih - učenje bazirano na računarskoj igri
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresa: nkacaven@f.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Modeli procenjivanja i strategije unapređivanja kvaliteta obrazovanja u Srbiji (MPNTR - 179060)

Sažetak

Jedan od novijih fenomena savremenog virtuelnog sveta jesu računarske igre. Budući da imaju više namena i funkcija, u poslednje vreme se ispituju mogućnosti, prednosti i granice njihove upotrebe u obrazovanju i učenju. U tom kontekstu, osnovni cilj ovog rada jeste kritičko sagledavanje alternativnih pristupa obrazovanju odraslih. Predmet proučavanja je, dakle, učenje zasnovano na računarskoj igri (games-based learning). Sudeći po enormnom umnožavanju literature u poslednjih nekoliko godina, reč je o veoma aktuelnom fenomenu koji se povezuje sa nastankom novog stila učenja. Kao osnovne karakteristike samog pojma 'učenje zasnovano na računarskoj igri' izdvojene su sledeće: izraženo motivaciono dejstvo; aktivna participacija i kolaborativno učenje; jasnost saznajnih ciljeva; prevazilaženje nesigurnosti i neuspeha; refleksivnost scenarija i mogućnost prenošenja iskustava iz stvarnog sveta; sloboda reagovanja kroz niz definisanih akcija; jasno definisana povratna informacija za svaku preduzetu akciju; mogućnost procene napredovanja učesnika; usklađenost sa individualnim tempom učenja i intelektualnim sposobnostima; odsustvo autoriteta i formalnih instrukcija; mogućnost učestvovanja velikog broja korisnika. Posebno vrednim za populaciju odraslih smatramo aktivni, iskustveni i situacioni karakter ovog učenja. Tokom poslednje decenije u svetu se javljaju zasebne studije za obrazovno pripremanje profesionalaca u oblasti dizajniranja računarskih igara. Odlikuje ih izrazita idnterdisciplinarnost i multidisciplinarnost. Dizajniranje računarskih igara u funkciji obrazovanja i učenja odraslih je veoma zahtevan i složen proces.

Ključne reči

učenje zasnovano na računarskoj igri (games-based learning); računarska igra; dizajniranje računarske igre u svrhu obrazovanja i učenja; edutainment

Reference

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