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Facta universitatis - series: Physical Education and Sport
2012, vol. 10, br. 3, str. 231-242
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
Razvoj izometrijske mišićne snage kod fudbalera adolescenata
Laboratory of Human Performance and Rehabilitation, Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, Athens, Greece

e-adresa: pademil@hotmail.comtel

Sažetak

Dok je mišićna snaga glavna komponenta fitnesa, njen razvoj tokom perioda adolescencije u fudbalu nije dovoljno istražena. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se prouče posledice starosti, antropometrijskih i telesnih karakteristika na izometrijsku mišićnu snagu. Adolescenti (N=291; starosti 12.01-21), klasifikovani su u devet starosnih grupa, grupu dece (N=16, starosti 7.34-11.97) i odraslih igrača (N=30; starosti 21.12-31.59), od kojih su svi bili aktivni članovi fudbalskih klubova i koji su kao zadatak imali četiri testa snage; stisak desne ruke, stisak leve ruke, test snage tela i test snage tela i nogu. ANOVA je ukazala na značajne razlike između grupe dece, adolescenata i odraslih u pogledu stiska desne ruke (F10,326=48.9, P<.001, η2=.6), stiska leve ruke (F10,326=47.63, P<.001, η2=.59), snage trupa (F8,249=20.71, P<.001, η2=.4), snage trupa i nogu (F8,249=19.33, P<.001, η2=.38), i zbir ovih mera je prikazan ili kao apsolutna vrednost (F8,249=25.93, P<.001, η2=.45) ili u odnosu na telesnu masu (F8,249=6.5, P<.001, η2=.17). U pogledu svih parametara, grupa odraslih je postigla veće vrednosti od adolescenata, koji su imali bolje vrednosti od grupe dece, dok su starosne grupe u višem spektru adolescencije imale bolje vrednosti od onih u nižem spektru. Mera izometrijske mišićne snage je bila u blagoj korelaciji sa godinama starosti (.54<r<.68, P<.001), čak i nakon što je isključen uticaj veličine tela (.38<r<.42, P<.001). Ukupan porast izometrijske snage tokom adolescencije je bio manji kod fudbalera nego kod opšte populacije. S obzirom na razliku između razvoja mišićne snage kod fudbalera i opšte populacije, naši normativnih podaci mogu da budu korisno sredstvo za trenere i fitness trenere, koji bi tako mogli da prate razvoj snage tokom adolescencije.

Ključne reči

starost; snaga; rast; test stiska ruke

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